Role of Manganese Superoxide Dismutase in Chemotherapy-induced Oxidative Stress
AuthorGustafson, Heather Lynn
AdvisorBriehl, Margaret M.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractExisting treatments for mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) are non-curative, demonstrating a need for a refined treatment approach. Recent clinical trials have shown promising results with the use of mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors. I hypothesize that the anti-tumor effect of mTOR inhibitors in mantle cell lymphoma is mediated by an increase in manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) protein expression and accumulation of hydrogen peroxide (H₂O₂). Findings indicate that the rapamycin-induced cytostatic effect is characterized by increased levels of MnSOD and H₂O₂, and is necessary for the full growth inhibitory effect of rapamycin. Furthermore, over-expression of MnSOD elevated the level of H₂O₂ and increased sensitivity to MnSOD. Treatment with rapamycin resulted in a loss of serine 473 phosphorylation of AKT and increased levels of MnSOD were found to be due to inhibition of the mTORC2 complex. These results are the first to suggest that long term treatment of MCL cells with rapamycin inhibits the mTORC2 complex. By understanding the key signaling molecules and affected pathways in the anti-tumor effects of mTOR inhibitors, we may be able to identify additional predictive markers to improve the therapeutic value, or study drug combinations that will enhance the effect of ROSinduced cytotoxicity. A retrospective study utilizing samples from lymphoma patients receiving standard anthracycline-based therapies, identified single nucleotide polymorphisms in oxidative stressrelated genes associated with survival. Individuals carrying minor allele SNPs in myeloperoxidase (MPO) and an aldo-keto reductase (AKR1C3) were found to be associated with shorter time to disease progression and death. This data suggest that some patients may benefit from a different therapy than the current standard of care and that regulation of the redox environment plays a role in aggressive lymphoma treatment response.
Degree ProgramGraduate College