Growth and Development of the Beet Armyworm, Spodoptera exigua, on Carbon Dioxide Enriched Cotton
AuthorAkey, David H.
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AbstractGrowth and development was studied in the beet armyworm (BAW), Spodoptera exigua, reared on cotton seedlings at high (650 ppm) or ambient (325 ppm) carbon dioxide (CO₂) levels and at 2 fertilizer levels. Under high fertilization, female BAW reared on CO₂-enriched seedlings weighed significantly less (873 mg) than controls (101.0 mg) and had a significantly longer developmental time (14.2 vs. 12.4 days for controls). Male BAW followed the same pattern but the data were not statistically significant. Combined (male & female) survival rates for BAW reared on CO₂-enriched cotton seedlings on a high fertilizer level were 19.1 compared to 41.6 % for controls; more females survived than males by a significant ratio of 2:1.