Evaluation of Date of Planting and Irrigation Termination on the Yield of Upland and Pima Cotton
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AbstractThree field experiments were conducted in 1989 in Arizona to evaluate the response of Upland and Pima cotton to two dates of planting and two dates of irrigation termination. Planting dates ranged from as early as 22 February in the Yuma Valley (150 ft. elevation) to 4 May at Marana (2,000 ft. elevation). Dates of irrigation termination ranged from 27 July in the Yuma Valley to 8 September at Maricopa and Marana. Based upon the final lint yield, planting date provided a significant main effect within two of the three experimental locations (Yuma Valley and Marana). At the Maricopa location, there was a significant effect on yield due to date of irrigation termination with both 30-inch- and 40-inch-row Upland cotton experiments, resulting in differences of 167 and 157 lbs. lint /acre, respectively, by extending two irrigations (approximately 12 acre inches) past 10 August to 8 September. The Pima experiment at Maricopa was similar with a significant (P <0.05) response to two additional irrigations (approximately 12 acre-inches) of 184 lbs. lint /acre. Return from additional lint yield must be considered against additional costs (water, insect control, etc.), as well as possible quality losses from insect infestations.