Effect of Plant Water Status on Defoliation and Yield of Pima Cotton
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AbstractA field study was conducted at the Maricopa Agricultural Center to determine the influence of plant water status at the time of defoliation on the effectiveness of defoliants and yield of Pima cotton. Irrigation termination dates of 4 and 18 September and 2 October were used to achieve different levels of plant water stress at the time defoliants were applied (16 October). Irrigation termination dates tested had no significant effect on lint yield or the effectiveness of defoliants. All irrigation termination dates resulted in defoliation of 80% or higher using a single application of defoliants. At the time of defoliation, CWSI values ranged front 0.59 to 0.80 and plant water potential from -2.0 to -2.9 MPa for the three irrigation termination treatments.