Commercial Field Performance of KNACK™ on Cotton in the Yuma Valley
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThe insect growth regulator, Knack was evaluated for efficacy against sweetpotato whitefly in paired plots within three commercial cotton fields near Somerton, Arizona. A single application of Knack and Danitol/Orthene was made in July and the impact on whitefly populations, natural enemies and secondary pests was measured for 40 d. Knack appeared to act slowly during the first 2 weeks, but after 21 days nymph populations were greatly reduced. Populations of nymphs and adults began to return to their pre-test levels after 40 d. The Danitol/Orthene application resulted in a significant decrease in adult numbers. Initially nymph densities declined, but after 14 d densities appeared to increase at a much greater rate than was observed in the Knack plots. Under the conditions experienced in this study, a single application of Knack in early July provided protection against sweetpotato whitefly as good, or better than experienced with Danitol/Orthene. Reductions in yields or lint quality attributable to whitefly were not observed in either treatment regime. Although beneficial predators were measured throughout the season, insecticide sprays for lygus control prevented significant buildup of populations. However, the numbers of Liriomyza leafminer adults captured on sticky traps were significantly lower in Knack-treated plots.