Recent Yield and Fiber Micronaire Tendencies for Upland Cotton in Arizona
AuthorSilvertooth, J. C.
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AbstractProblems associated with increasing trends towards high micronaire values for Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) have been a matter of concern for the Arizona cotton industry in recent years. The discounts on fiber value associated with high micronaire has been compounded by the fact that market prices for cotton fiber has been very low in recent years and yields have been stable at best. An evaluation of recent yield and fiber quality data from a number of locations in Arizona was evaluated in relation to trends within Arizona and across the U.S. cotton belt. Results indicate similar patterns exist in terms of stable yields (yield plateau) and increasing micronaire values between Arizona and other U.S. cotton producing states. The conclusion is presented that these patterns are at least due in part to a common genetic base for varieties that grown in Arizona and beltwide. There also appears to be some distinct relationships associated with high micronaire with region and individual farm management practices.