Resistance in Cultivated and Wild Lettuce to Lettuce Infectious Yellows Virus
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AbstractIn 1988, Arizona's early- season lettuce crop was plagued by disease and insect problems, both intensified by unseasonably high temperatures. In the western Arizona production area, an epidemic of lettuce infectious yellows (LIY) resulted in serious economic losses to growers. The yellows disease is incited by the LIY virus (LIYV), a plant virus transmitted by the sweet potato whitefly [Bemisia tabaci (Gene.)]. Disease symptoms in lettuce include stunted growth, rolling yellowing and /or reddening of infected leaves; necrotic lesions appear at or near the leaf margins at latter stages of the disease. LIYV has a wide host range which increases the difficulty of isolating lettuce fields from LIYV infected or whitefly-infested fields; also, whiteflies are resistant to insecticides. Therefore, host-plant resistance appears to be the most promising means of reducing losses due to this disease. To initiate a breeding program, commercial lettuce cultivars and breeding lines (Lactuca sativa L.), and related, cross-breeding wild lettuce species (L. serriola L. and L. saligna L.) were screened for resistance to LIYV in the western Arizona production area using natural inoculation by residence whiteflies.
Series/Report no.Series P-78