Examination of New Chemistries to Control Powdery Mildew of Cantaloupe in 2000
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AbstractPowdery mildew can occur on melons annually in Arizona. Sphaerotheca fuliginea is the plant pathogenic fungus that causes powdery mildew of cucurbits, such as cantaloupe, honeydew, watermelon, cucumber and squash. When environmental conditions are favorable, disease incidence and severity can reach economically significant levels. Development of powdery mildew on melons is favored by moderate temperatures and relative humidity, succulent plant growth and reduced light intensity brought about by a dense plant canopy. Potential new fungicides were evaluated and compared to existing chemicals for control of powdery mildew of cantaloupe in a field trial conducted during the spring of 2000 at the Yuma Agricultural Center A moderately high level of disease had developed by crop maturity (June 22) on nontreated plants. All treatments significantly reduced the level of powdery mildew on both sides of leaves, compared to nontreated plants. The best treatments among those tested with respect to disease control on the underside of leaves, where disease is more difficult to control than on the tops of leaves, included Actigard, Armicarb+Quadris, BAS 500, Benlate+Microthiol, Flint, Flint+Trilogy, Microthiol, Quadris+Actigard, Quadris+Benlate, Quinoxyfen, Nova, Nova+KHHUBF, Topsin, Topsin+Trilogy, Benlate, Benlate+Trilogy, Folicur, Quadris and Topsin+Microthiol. The potential availability of new chemistries for management of powdery mildew of cantaloupe and other cucurbits could help improve overall control of powdery mildew as well as facilitate the development of fungicide resistance management strategies, which strive to minimize the risk of resistance development by the pathogen to these compounds.