Assessment of Fungicide Performance for Management of Downy and Powdery Mildew on Lettuce in 2005
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractDowny mildew, caused by the oomycete pathogen Bremia lactucae, usually can be found in some lettuce fields each year in Arizona. However, both the incidence and severity of the disease are governed by the frequency and duration of cool moist conditions required for disease development. Free moisture on the leaf surface is essential for spore germination and infection, but not growth of this pathogen within the leaf. Powdery mildew on lettuce is caused by the fungus Golovinomyces cichoracearum (Erysiphe cichoracearum). The disease is favored by moderate to warm temperatures and relatively dry weather conditions. Several fungicides were evaluated for their ability to suppress development of downy and powdery mildew on lettuce in 2005. Downy mildew was first observed in plots on February 7, whereas powdery mildew was first detected January 26. The data in the accompanying table illustrate the degree of control obtained by applications of the various materials tested in this trial. Among treatments, the degree of downy and powdery mildew suppression ranged from virtually complete to minimal; however, all treatments significantly reduced the severity of both mildew diseases compared to nontreated plants.
Series/Report no.Series P-144