• An Exploratory Study of Bi-National News in Mexican and American Border-Area Newspapers 1977-1988

      Gelsinon, Thomas (University of Arizona, Mexican American Studies and Research Center, 1990)
    • Hispanic Businesses in Tucson Since 1854

      Amado, Melissa; University of Arizona (University of Arizona, Mexican American Studies and Research Center, 1988)
      Hispanic ownership of businesses has existed in Tucson prior to the Gadsden Purchase of 1854, which allowed the United States to acquire Tucson and part of Southern Arizona. Although ranching and agriculture were main sources of income for this group of pioneer settlers, they were able to diversify their wealth into other sectors of the economy. As the Hispanic population became integrated into American society, an evolution of minority identity towards business ownership occurred. Starting in the twentieth century, Mexican Americans tended to operate mostly in the service industry, such as barber shops and grocery stores. There were a few Hispanic lawyers and doctors. However, their numbers were small in compañson to the growing Mexican American and Anglo populations. The Great Depression of the 1930s affected many of these agriculturally oriented Hispanic families. By the 1940s, more Mexican Americans and Anglos were arriving to the area in search of employment. By the 1980s, a trend was evident of a service sector economy for the Tucson labor market. Most of the twenty Hispanic entrepreneurs interviewed for this study were first or second generation Tucsonans, The pioneer Hispanic families are no longer at the forefront of business opportunities. Instead, sonic of the offspring from these pioneer families have gone into other fields or enterprises in order to develop their own entrepreneurial identity. Some of the interviewees that are descendants of these "latecomers" are undecided as to whether they want their children to enter the family business. As a consequence, some of these establishments may end in the next twenty to thirty years. A cycle of continual Hispanic "latecomers" operating businesses may develop in the Tucson area. The consequence could be the lack of a solid economic base for the Hispanic business community.
    • Phenotypic Discrimination and Income Differences Among Mexican Americans

      Telles, Edward E.; Murguia, Edward; University of Texas at Austin; Trinity University (University of Arizona, Mexican American Studies and Research Center, 1988)
      Using a national probability sample of approximately 1,000 Mexican American heads of household, we analyze a subsample of 253 Mexican American male wage earners and present evidence of the importance of phenotype, measured by skin color and physical features, on earnings, controlling for other factors known to affect earnings. Even after controlling these variables, individuals with a dark and Native American phenotype continue to receive significantly lower earnings than individuals of a lighter and more European phenotype. A decomposition of differences in earnings reveals that most of the differential in earnings between the darkest one-third of the sample and the lighter two-thirds is due not to differences in endowments but rather to labor market discrimination. When taken as a whole, Mexican Americans in all phenotypic groups remain far from having incomes comparable to those of non-Hispanic whites.
    • Mexicanos and Chicanos: Examining Political Involvement and Interface in the U.S. Political System

      García, John A.; University of Arizona (University of Arizona, Mexican American Studies and Research Center, 1987)
    • Chicano Urban Politics: The Role of the Political Entrepreneur

      Camacho, David E. (University of Arizona, Mexican American Studies and Research Center, 1987)
    • Dilemmas of the High Achieving Chicana: The Double-Bind Factor in Male/Female Relationships

      González, Judith T. (University of Arizona, Mexican American Studies and Research Center, 1987)
      The central research question of this exploratory study is to determine if college educated, ethnically identified and preferred endogamous Chicanas experience significantly more psychological distress due to a conflict between their educational achievements and beliefs that Chicano males are threatened by high achieving women. The specific perceptions are: that Mexican American males feel threatened by their educational accomplishments, tend to exclude them from political and organizational activities, and that college attainment will cause them to be seen as elitist by the larger Chicano community. This study uses descriptive and correlational analysis to explore the relationship between ethnic identification, preferred endogamy and perceptions that Chicanas high achievements pose a threat to Chicano males as predictive factors for higher psychological distress. The sample consists of 508 randomly selected Chicanas at five colleges, varying in selectivity from a private university to a community college. The majority of respondents are single and under thirty. A sample of 160 Chicano males were also randomly selected from three of the same five college campuses and were used to make comparisons on the threat dimension. The instrument is a mail questionnaire.
    • Determinants of Involuntary Part-Time Work Among Chicanos

      DeAnda, Roberto M.; University of Arizona, Department of Sociology (University of Arizona, Mexican American Studies and Research Center, 1987)
    • Mexican American Youth Organization: Precursors of Change in Texas

      García, Ignacio; University of Arizona (University of Arizona, Mexican American Studies and Research Center, 1987)
    • Entrepreneurship and Business Development: The Case of Mexican Americans

      Torres, David L.; University of Arizona (University of Arizona, Mexican American Studies and Research Center, 1986)
    • Selections from De la Vida y Folclore de la Frontera

      Méndez, Miguel; University of Arizona (University of Arizona, Mexican American Studies and Research Center, 1986)
    • The Evolution of Higher Education in Mexico: A Profile

      Ahumada, Martín Miguel; University of Arizona (University of Arizona, Mexican American Studies and Research Center, 1982)
    • Hispanic Youth in the Labor Market: An Analysis of High School and Beyond

      Fernández, Roberto M.; American Sociological Association (University of Arizona, Mexican American Studies and Research Center, 1985)
    • Reformation of Arizona's Bilingual Education Policy: Litigation or Legislation?

      Sacken, Michael Donal; University of Arizona Department of Educational Foundations and Administration (University of Arizona, Mexican American Studies and Research Center, 1983)
    • The Border Patrol and News Media Coverage of Undocumented Mexican Immigrants During the 1970s: A Quantitative Content Analysis in the Sociology of Knowledge.

      Fernández, Celestino; Pedroza, Lawrence R.; University of Arizona, Department of Sociology (University of Arizona, Mexican American Studies and Research Center, 1981)
      The mass media through their power of mass persuasion have an impact on the readers’, viewers’ or listeners’ perceptions of social phenomena. This paper reports on a quantitative content analysis of articles appearing in the Los Angeles Times, New York Times, Washington Post, and Arizona Daily Star between 1972 and 1978 that dealt with the subject of undocumented (illegal) immigration from Mexico to the U.S. In this way, it is an empirical study in the sociology of knowledge that examines the social reality constructed by the news media regarding this complex social issue. We found a significant increase in the number of articles appearing each year on this topic. Relatively few were written by Spanish-surnamed individuals or used undocumented immigrants as sources of information. In fact, most of the information presented in the articles was obtained from the Border Patrol, Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), and politicians. We conclude that news media coverage of undocumented Mexican immigration was not balanced and that the American public accepted the biased information they read as an accurate reflection of social reality.
    • Bilingual Development and the Education of Bilingual Children During Early Childhood

      García, Eugene E.; Martínez, Steve; Arizona State University; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (University of Arizona, Mexican American Studies & Research Center, 1981)
      The “simultaneous” development of two languages during early childhood has begun to receive increased research and educational attention in the last decade. Linguistic, social and psychological investigation of this phenomenon has produced an extensive literature often segmented by parochial disciplinary boundaries. The present review attempts to congregate these unidemensional approaches into a multidimensional perspective of bilingualism cognizant of concurrent interactive forces which act to define the bilingual experience. Moreover, there is a specific attempt to consider the educational character (including the evaluation of instructional paradigms) of bilingual education endeavors in this country. Lastly, specific curricular implications for early childhood are addressed and related to empirical information presently available.