Effects of Canopy Position on Quality, Photosynthesis and Mineral Nutrition of Four Citrus Varieties
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JournalCitrus Research Report
AbstractQuality, leaf gas exchange and mineral content of fruit from internal be canopies were compared with those from extemal canopy positions in 4 citrus varieties: 'Kinnow' mandarin; 'Redblush' grapefruit; 'Valencia' orange; and 'Lisbon' lemon. Fruit weight, total juice per fruit, peel fresh and dry weight, and rind thickness of fruit from internal canopies of all 4 varieties were significantly higher compared with external fruit Mandarin, grapefruit, and orange fruit from external canopies had higher soluble solids and specific gravity. Leaves from internal canopy had higher photosynthesis than those of external canopy in all varieties. Fruit from internal canopies of all varieties had generally higher peel concentrations (%dry weight) of N, P and K due to a dilution effect, while the opposite condition existed in mandarin when these elements were expressed on a percent fresh weight basis. Peel Mg and S from external fruit were higher in all varieties, expressed as percentages of either dry weight or fresh weight. Nitrogen content of mandarin and orange juice and calcium content of grapefruit and lemon juice from external fruit were significantly higher, compared to those from internal canopy fruit. Eliminating fruit quality and mineral variations resulting from canopy positions is recommended by the means of cultural practices.
Series/Report no.Series P-76