Encoding the Configuration of a Conspecific Pheromone in the Antennal Lobe of a Moth, Manduca sexta
AuthorMartin, Joshua Pierce
AdvisorHildebrand, John G.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
EmbargoEmbargo: Release after 01/10/2013
AbstractOdors that are essential to the survival and reproduction of a species take the form of complex mixtures of volatiles. Often, an odor source such as food or a potential mate releases a mixture with characteristic ratios between the components. Here, the encoding of the characteristic ratio between components of the pheromone released by a female moth is investigated in the antennal lobe (AL) of a male moth (Manduca sexta). The mechanisms by which olfactory systems of diverse insect species process odors are adapted to the particular environment and olfactory behavior of the animal. In the moth, innately attractive odors produce patterns of synchrony in the output of the AL, the projection neurons (PNs). Male moths exhibited attraction to synthetic mixtures of pheromone components that was selective for ratios at or near the natural ratio released by females. Selectivity increased as the moth neared the odor source and initiated mating behaviors. PNs in the macroglomerular complex (MGC) did not exhibit an effect of component ratio on their firing rate responses. However, pairs of PNs exhibited increased synchrony in response to the behaviorally effective ratios of pheromone components. Individual pairs exhibited selectivity for ratios within 1 order of magnitude from the natural ratio. Synchrony in PN spiking was not phase-locked to the network oscillations in the AL. A model for ratio-selective enhancement of synchronous PN output in the AL is proposed.
Degree ProgramGraduate College