Development and Consumption Rates for Lepidopterous Larve as Influenced by Host-Plant and Temperature
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AbstractSeveral laboratory studies were conducted to examine the relationships between larval developmental and foliage consumption. Neonate lepidopterous larvae were placed in controlled environment growth chambers to measure the time required to complete larval growth, and comparative foliage consumption at constant temperatures. Differences in developmental times and degree day estimates between beet armyworm and cabbage looper varied significantly with temperatures and host plant. In general, cabbage looper feeding on lettuce completed larval development at a more rapid rate and consumed more foliage than any other species-host combination. In one study, the time required to complete larval development between CL and BAW varied less than one day, but the difference in foliage consumed between the two hosts varied almost 40%. Results from these studies may provide information important for understanding the damage potential of lepidopterous larvae and optimizing use patterns for new compounds that will be integrated into management programs for leafy vegetables.