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dc.contributor.authorStump, Marla Krysteen
dc.date.accessioned2012-05-01T15:21:11Z
dc.date.available2012-05-01T15:21:11Z
dc.date.issued2012-05-01
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/221414
dc.descriptionA Thesis submitted to The University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenix in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Medicine.en
dc.description.abstractContext: Health Start is a program run by the Arizona Department of Health Services (ADHS) that utilizes community health workers to educate at-risk pregnant women and new mothers throughout many of the underserved regions of Arizona. The Health Start Curriculum - the tool used to educate community health workers on prenatal and infant care - is currently undergoing a revision. This project is intended to examine medical risk factors and birth outcomes unique to Health Start participants in order to provide information that will be considered when revising the curriculum. Objective: To compare the prevalence of medical risk factors and selected birth outcomes of women actively enrolled in Health Start to their age-matched, race/ethnicity-matched, and delivery method-of-payment-matched counterparts. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Arizona Department of Health Services Bureau of Women’s and Children’s Health using the birth certificate data from women who gave birth in Arizona in 2009. A relative risk for each medical risk factor and birth outcome parameter was tabulated using chi-square analysis, and the 5 statistical significance was determined utilizing a p-value of 0.05 as the cutoff for statistical significance. Results: Overall the study revealed a significantly lower rates of anemia in active Health Start participants compared to inactive Health Start enrollees (1.4% vs. 7.2%, p-value = 0.001). The low relative risk of pre-term delivery for Health Start participants compared to matched controls approached statistical significance (5.8% vs. 10.1%, p-value = 0.057), but the power of the test was limited due to small sample size. Other medical risk factors and birth outcomes did not reveal a statistically significant difference between active Health Start participants and matched controls or active Health Start Participants and inactive Health Start enrollees. Conclusions: Active enrollment in the Health Start program is associated with significantly lower rates of anemia and notably lower rates of pre-term delivery. A follow-up study with a larger sample size is indicated to increase the power of the study.
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the College of Medicine - Phoenix, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.subjectHealth Starten
dc.subject.meshPregnancy, High-Risken
dc.titleComparison of Common High-risk Pregnancy Conditions Between Health Start and Non-Health Start Participantsen_US
dc.typetext; Electronic Thesisen
dc.contributor.departmentThe University of Arizona College of Medicine - Phoenixen
dc.description.collectioninformationThis item is part of the College of Medicine - Phoenix Scholarly Projects 2012 collection. For more information, contact the Phoenix Biomedical Campus Library at pbc-library@email.arizona.edu.en_US
dc.contributor.mentorLopez, Anaen
refterms.dateFOA2018-07-01T14:09:34Z
html.description.abstractContext: Health Start is a program run by the Arizona Department of Health Services (ADHS) that utilizes community health workers to educate at-risk pregnant women and new mothers throughout many of the underserved regions of Arizona. The Health Start Curriculum - the tool used to educate community health workers on prenatal and infant care - is currently undergoing a revision. This project is intended to examine medical risk factors and birth outcomes unique to Health Start participants in order to provide information that will be considered when revising the curriculum. Objective: To compare the prevalence of medical risk factors and selected birth outcomes of women actively enrolled in Health Start to their age-matched, race/ethnicity-matched, and delivery method-of-payment-matched counterparts. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Arizona Department of Health Services Bureau of Women’s and Children’s Health using the birth certificate data from women who gave birth in Arizona in 2009. A relative risk for each medical risk factor and birth outcome parameter was tabulated using chi-square analysis, and the 5 statistical significance was determined utilizing a p-value of 0.05 as the cutoff for statistical significance. Results: Overall the study revealed a significantly lower rates of anemia in active Health Start participants compared to inactive Health Start enrollees (1.4% vs. 7.2%, p-value = 0.001). The low relative risk of pre-term delivery for Health Start participants compared to matched controls approached statistical significance (5.8% vs. 10.1%, p-value = 0.057), but the power of the test was limited due to small sample size. Other medical risk factors and birth outcomes did not reveal a statistically significant difference between active Health Start participants and matched controls or active Health Start Participants and inactive Health Start enrollees. Conclusions: Active enrollment in the Health Start program is associated with significantly lower rates of anemia and notably lower rates of pre-term delivery. A follow-up study with a larger sample size is indicated to increase the power of the study.


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