• Frequency-Dependent Relationships Between Tree-Ring Series Along an Ecological Gradient and Some Dendroclimatic Implications

      LaMarche, Valmore C., Jr.; Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, The University of Arizona (Tree-Ring Society, 1974)
      Bristlecone pines were sampled at four sites ranging from the arid lower forest border to the upper treeline in the Snake Range of eastern Nevada. Maximum ring-width response to environmental variation is found at the upper and lower forest limits. Ring-width index series from individual trees, as well as the mean site chronologies, were compared by cross-correlation analysis and principal component analysis, combined with digital filtering to emphasize variations in different frequency ranges. Positive correlation exists between the high-frequency variations at all sites, but the longer term trends and fluctuations at the upper treeline are negatively correlated with fluctuations at the lower altitude sites. Cross-spectral analysis substantiates the results of cross-correlation analysis and indicates that the associated variations in the upper treeline and lower forest border chronologies are concentrated in certain frequency ranges that may have climatic significance. From examination of the climatic response functions, the negatively correlated low frequency variations are tentatively judged to be related to warm- season temperature fluctuations, whereas the positively correlated high frequency variations may be related to precipitation. Frequency-dependent relationships between tree-ring chronologies, or between tree-rings and climate should be considered in the analysis of large arrays of tree-ring