Tree-Ring Bulletin, Volume 52 (1992)
ABOUT THE COLLECTION
Tree-Ring Research is the peer-reviewed journal of the Tree-Ring Society. The journal was first published in 1934 under the title Tree-Ring Bulletin. In 2001, the title changed to Tree-Ring Research.
The Tree-Ring Society and the Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research at the University of Arizona partnered with the University Libraries to digitize back issues for improved searching capabilities and long-term preservation. New issues are added on an annual basis, with a rolling wall of five years.
Contact the Editor of Tree-Ring Research at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Tree-Ring Dating of Two Log Buildings in Central Texas, USATree-ring dating was used to develop construction scenarios for two log structures, the Draper and the Fuller buildings. in the Edwards Plateau region of Texas. The Draper building was constructed in 1902-3, and added onto in 1906. The dating of the Fuller building is less certain, but the structure probably was built in the 1860s or 1870s.
Tree-Ring Chronologies from NepalTen ring-width based chronologies from Nepal are described and the prospects for further dendroclimatic work there reviewed briefly. The initial results are encouraging, and more intensive subregional sampling is called for. All the cores examined showed distinct annual rings, and there was little evidence of double or missing rings, except juniper at some sites and in some Pinus roxburghii trees. Difficulty was encountered in dating Pinus wallichiana and Cupressus dumosa. Individual site chronologies of Cedros deodora, P. roxburghii and P. wallichiana were particularly promising, and of high elevation Abies spectabilis moderately so. Densitometric data are likely to be more useful for this species. The paucity of meteorological data in Nepal represents an obstacle to further dendroclimatic work there.
Dendrochronological Modeling of the Effects of Climatic Change on Tree-Ring Width Chronologies from the Chaco Canyon Area, Southwestern United StatesHypotheses about the causes of the growth and decline of the Chacoan regional interaction system in the southwestern United States between A.D. 900 and 1200 are evaluated against tree-ring evidence and the results of an empirical model (PRECON) that computes the statistical relationships between climate and ring-width indices during the 20th century and applies the results to hypothesized precipitation or temperature changes. The statistical responses of 23 indexed conifer ring-width chronologies from New Mexico and Colorado to variations in monthly temperature and precipitation were calculated. Simulated decreases in prior autumn-winter precipitation markedly reduced ring widths, while decreased current summer precipitation was less effective, sometimes reducing ring width or having little effect. Decreased prior winter temperature slightly reduced ring width, while decreased growing season temperature usually increased or did not effect ring widths. Evaluated in terms of these results, the Chaco Canyon area tree-ring record (1) indicates that favorable climatic conditions in the 10th, 11th, and early 12th centuries fostered the growth of the Chacoan system, (2) shows that dry autumn-winter and summer conditions in the middle 1100s contributed to the downfall of the system, (3) does not support the proposition that centuries-long climatic fluctuations evident in southwestern Colorado affected Chaco Canyon, (4) does not support the idea of shifts from summer-to winter-dominant precipitation regimes, and (5) contributes little to assessing the role of anthropogenic environmental change in the collapse of the Chacoan system.
Development of a Tree-Ring Network for the Italian PeninsulaThis article describes the analysis of tree-ring collections from standing trees of sixteen species at twenty sites distributed throughout the Italian Peninsula. Visual and numerical crossdating among ring widths allowed the computation of standard and residual tree-ring chronologies. Relationships among chronologies were identified by Spearman's coefficient of rank correlation, using Bonferroni's inequality to adjust significance level. The oldest living tree sampled to date is a 963-year old palebark pine (Pinus leucodermis Ant.) at Parco del Pollino. Individuals more than two centuries old were identified at eleven sites for eight species. The tree-ring network so far consists of twenty-two chronologies for nine species at nineteen sites. Seven conifer species account for ten chronologies and two angiosperm species account for the remaining twelve chronologies. The most represented species is Fagus sylvatica L., with eleven chronologies distributed over the entire peninsula and highly correlated with one another. The order of autoregressive models fitted to the data never exceeded two. In particular, the order of autoregressive models fitted to Fagus sylvatica chronologies decreased with decreasing age of sampled trees. Based on the significant coefficients of rank correlation, residual chronologies of Fagus sylvatica could be separated into northern, central, and southern groups. This points to the existence of broad regions distributed along a latitudinal gradient, corresponding to large-scale climatic regimes over the Italian Peninsula.
Giant Sequoia Ring-Width Chronologies from the Central Sierra Nevada, CaliforniaGiant sequoia was one of the first species that A. E. Douglass examined in his pioneering tree- ring research. Recent attention to sequoia, stimulated by fire history studies in sequoia groves, has resulted in new ring-width chronologies based on both recently collected tree-ring material and Douglass' original samples. The development and characteristics of four new multimillennial sequoia chronologies are described here. Three of these chronologies are based on tree-ring series from individual sites: Camp Six (347 B.C. to A.D. 1989), Mountain Home (1094 B.C. to A.D. 1989), and Giant Forest (1235 B.C. to A.D. 1988). The fourth is a composite chronology (1235 B.C. to A.D. 1989) that includes radii from the other three chronologies. Sequoia ring series are generally complacent with occasional narrow rings ("signature years"). Ring-width standardization was complicated by growth releases, many of which are known to have been caused by fires. Such growth releases confuse climatic interpretation of low-frequency signals in the time series. Ring- width series were detrended with cubic splines with 50% frequency response function at 40 years to de-emphasize low-frequency variation and were fit with autoregressive time series models to remove persistence. The resulting prewhitened chronologies contain primarily a high frequency climate signal and are useful for assessing the past occurrence of extreme drought events and for dating applications. The dating chronology originally developed by Douglass is confirmed and the annual nature of giant sequoia tree rings unequivocally verified.