• On the Feature [rtr] in Chiliatin: A Problem for the Feature Hierarchy

      Goad, Heather; Fulmer, S. Lee; Ishihara, Masahide; Wiswall, Wendy; University of Southern California (Department of Linguistics, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1989)
      In this paper, I discuss two rules in Chilcotin (Athapaskan), both of which involve spreading of the feature [retracted tongue root] ([rtr]). The first rule is a coronal consonant harmony rule, Sibilant Assimilation, which requires that all coronal sibilants in a word agree in their specification for [rtr). The second rule, a tongue root harmony rule called Flattening, spreads [+rtr] fresh velar segments and coronal sibilants onto neighbouring vowels. Only a subset of the [+rtr] segments which trigger Flattening undergo Sibilant Assimilation. Given the structure of the feature hierarchy, the spreading of this subset in Sibilant Assimilation is impossible without violating locality. I suggest that the theory of tree geometry be modified to accomodate this problem.
    • Reduplication in Lexical Phonology: Javanese Plural Reduplication

      Schlindwein, Debbie; Fulmer, S. Lee; Ishihara, Masahide; Wiswall, Wendy; University of Southern California (Department of Linguistics, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1989)