AffiliationOffice of Arid Lands Studies, University of Arizona
KeywordsEnvironmental protection -- Niger
Natural resources -- Niger
Niger -- Economic conditions
Niger -- Population -- Social aspects
MetadataShow full item record
DescriptionPrepared by the Arid Lands Information Center, Office of Arid Lands Studies, University of Arizona ; Mark Speece, compiler.
SponsorsNational Park Service Contract No. CX-0001-0-0003 with U.S. Man and the Biosphere Secretariat, Department of State, Washington, D.C.
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Effects of sprayed humic acid, iron, and zinc on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of niger plant ( Guizotia abyssinica L.)Tadayyon, Ali; Beheshti, Sedigheh; Pessarakli, Mohammad; Univ Arizona, Coll Agr & Life Sci; Agronomy Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran; Agronomy Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran; College of Agric. & Life Sciences, The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA (Taylor & Francis, 2017-01-25)In order to investigate the effect of foliar application of organic fertilizer and micronutrients on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of Niger plant, a field experiment was conducted in a complete randomized block design with three replications at Shahrekord University Research Farm during the years 2013-2014. Treatments included three levels of humic acid (1, 3, and 6 liters of humic acid per hectare), iron (4 parts per million, ppm), zinc (4 parts per million, ppm) and control (without humic acid iron, and zinc). In this experiment, traits of the number of heads per plant, seeds number per head, 1000 seeds' weight, grain yield, and also oil and protein content were evaluated. The findings showed that foliar application of humic acid, zinc and iron resulted in a significant increase in all analyzed traits. The most significant plant response was obtained with the use of 6 liters humic acid per hectare, and the second most significant plant response was seen with the sprayed zinc treatment which was probably due to limited absorption and deficiency of these elements in the tested soil.
L’INFLUENCE DU COLONIALISME SUR LES BIBLIOTHÈQUES EN AFRIQUE FRANCOPHONE: LE CAS DU SÉNÉGAL ET DU NIGERTaoua, Phyllis; Cummings, Jennifer Rene (The University of Arizona., 2018)This thesis seeks to analyze the influence of colonialism on libraries in francophone Africa through an examination of Senegal and Niger as representative cases. In the case of Senegal, we focused on precolonial Wolof history and colonial history of Dakar’s role as administrative center of the AOF. This role created strong ties between Senegal and France, which continued with President Léopold Sédar Senghor and his policies on French language use. Before colonization, a strong oral tradition of griots existed in Senegal, and the Wolof language had a written code, though this was seldom used. A representative library for Senegal is IFAN, which was created under French colonialism. We also consider EBAD, the library training program in Senegal, and its ties to French tradition. For Niger’s precolonial history, we focused on the Hausa and the influence of colonialism on their identity. Niger played a less central role in the AOF, and thus retained less French influence. We also found that Niger’s oral history was less structured than Senegal’s, and that written codes in Nigerien languages were used more frequently. Niger’s representative library CELHTO, an oral history archive, presents a strong contrast to IFAN as an organization that centers African knowledge systems. We concluded that a stronger tie with the colonizer leads to more “Western” libraries such as IFAN whereas a weaker tie to the colonizer leaves room for more “African” libraries such as CELHTO, although it’s clear that an equilibrium exists between Western and African influence among libraries in francophone Africa.
The bush is sweet: Identity and desire among the WoDaaBe in NigerPark, Thomas K.; Loftsdóttir, Kristín, 1968- (The University of Arizona., 2000)The dissertation focuses on the WoDaaBe Fulani in Niger, seeking to understand identity in a global context, analyzing streams of power and desire that have characterized the life of the WoDaaBe. The first part of the dissertation discusses expressions of WoDaaBe identities and desires in the contemporary world, as well as identifying the present situation of the WoDaaBe as one of great marginality. The WoDaaBe ethnic identity is created through processes of exclusion and inclusion within social and natural environments. The WoDaaBe perceive themselves as both separated from and a part of nature, depending on the context in which their identification is placed. They maintain strong boundaries from other ethnic groups in Niger, through specific visual markers of identity and by identifying WoDaaBe-ness as attached to certain moral qualifies that are combined with various social practices. The ideas of herding and control of one's feelings and desires remain key symbols in WoDaaBe social and ethnic identity. Many young WoDaaBe work in cities because they lack animals for basic subsistence in the bush, thus negotiating their identity in these new circumstances. The second part of the dissertation traces the history of WoDaaBe involvement in an interconnected world, showing that WoDaaBe have been connected to State and global processes for a long time. Various factors have led to an expansion of cultivated land, pushing herding communities further north and reducing available grazing land. While the WoDaaBe are becoming increasingly marginalized within the national economy of Niger, they have become popular in the West as symbols of the "native." Similarities can be observed between the dominant development ideology's conception of the typical herder and of the popular imagination of the WoDaaBe, characterizing them as unproductive, traditional and simple. The WoDaaBe representation is placed in a broad historical context of images of the Other, demonstrating that the encounters between WoDaaBe and Westerners take place within fields of unequal power relations.