AffiliationOffice of Arid Lands Studies, University of Arizona
KeywordsEnvironmental protection -- Honduras
Natural resources -- Honduras
Environmental degradation -- Honduras
Land use -- Environmental aspects -- Honduras
MetadataShow full item record
DescriptionPrepared by James Silliman, Peter Hazelwood, Arid Lands Information Center.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
An analysis of a rainfall frequency formula as applied to HondurasVogler, Kenneth John. (The University of Arizona., 1980)A precipitation formula for estimating rainfall frequency-duration values from monthly rainfall data in Honduras is compared with frequency-duration values approximated by the Gumbel method. The precipitation formula is empirically developed from rainfall data collected in Central America and from intensities found in a rainfall frequency atlas for the United States. Data from thirty-six precipitation stations scattered throughout Honduras are used in the comparison and the precipitation formula is modified for Honduras conditions. A computer program is developed to make the calculations. The percentage differences between formula derived and Gumbel derived intensities are exponentially distributed. The exponential distribution is used to quantify the differences between the two methods for estimating rainfall intensity. It is concluded that the precipitation formula is useful for determining rainfall frequency-duration values especially in areas where very little precipitation data is available.
The political ecology of a Lenca Indian community in Honduras: Communal forests, state policy, and processes of transformationTucker, Catherine May, 1961- (The University of Arizona., 1996)The dissertation investigates communal forest use and management in the municipio (county) of La Campa, Honduras, and the multi-leveled interrelationships that influence ongoing transformations in the forests. The work takes a political ecology perspective, thus it evaluates the interrelationships between local, national and international processes that have shaped historical and current forest and land use patterns in the municipio. State policies have constituted an important factor in encouraging forms of forest management; the communitarian tradition imposed on Lenca Indian communities by the Spaniards following the Conquest provided a context which the people adapted to their own situation and propagated into recent years. Low population density, a relatively homogeneous populace, the pattern of subsistence agriculture, limited state interference and minimal interaction with national markets apparently contributed to the viability of common property management and the survival of forests into the present. The local context has changed in recent decades with a growing population, increased market involvement, socioeconomic differentiation, and state policies that undermine communal forms of forest management. Domination by the state forestry development institution (COHDEFOR) during the 1970s and 1980s led to logging, forest degradation, and disruption of traditional forms of forest management. A majority of the population eventually organized to oust COHDEFOR and prohibit market-oriented timber exploitation within the municipio, but communal forest management has suffered a number of shortcomings in the aftermath of COHDEFOR's departure. At present, the situation indicates an unsustainable level of forest exploitation and a gradual transformation of communal forests into private holdings. New national legislation regarding agriculture and forestry encourages the privatization of communal lands, while international market forces and economic development initiatives favor the production of agricultural export crops, such as coffee. The analysis considers the factors and interrelationships that inhibit sustainable use of communal forests in La Campa; it also recognizes the benefits and difficulties that relate to common property forest management within the current context.