Effect of Residence Time on Microbial and Chemical Quality of Reclaimed Water In Urban Infrastructures
AuthorAjibode, Oluyomi Marriet
AdvisorPepper, Ian L.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
EmbargoRelease after 25-Apr-2013
AbstractThe goal of this study was to assess the effect of residence time on the chemical and microbial quality of reclaimed water in two distribution systems located in southern Arizona. Utility A produced Class A water and utilized chlorine as a means of disinfection whereas Utility B produced Class A+ water and utilized UV radiation as a means of disinfection. Water-based pathogens were consistently detected in both distribution systems beyond the point of compliance, while microbial indicators like Escherichia coli was only detected in Utility B suggesting that treatment eliminated waterborne pathogens. Heterotrophic plate concentrations in samples from both utilities initially increased rapidly with increased distance from the point-of-compliance and were as high as 10⁹ CFU/100ml. Regardless of the initial level of treatment, the microbial quality deteriorated with increased residence time in the distribution systems. The second study was designed to evaluate the effect of reclaimed water storage on microbial and chemical quality of two classes of reclaimed water (Class A and Class A+). In Class A water, nitrification was observed during both field scale trials resulting in concentrations greater than 10mg/L while nitrification was not observed in Class A+. Chlorine residuals rapidly decreased within 48hours of storage. HPC concentration were as high as 10⁷ - 10⁸ /100ml. In both field scale trials, there was no observed growth of HPC during storage and waterborne indicator bacteria were rarely detected, and if detected, only at low concentrations. Based on this data, deterioration of microbial water quality during storage is minimal.
Degree ProgramGraduate College