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The Geology and Geochemistry of Beryllium in Southern ArizonaNine beryllium deposits were studied in order to determine the geological environment of beryllium mineralization in southern Arizona. Beryllium occurs in two pegmatite areas, two contact metamorphic deposits, two quartz-tungsten veins, two quartz-feldspar veins, and in one quartz monzonite stock. It is associated in almost all of these deposits with purple fluorite and tungsten. Beryllium mineralization is associated with granitic and quartz monzonite intrusions of Laramide age, and generally occurs at the intersection of northwest-trending lineaments and the Texas lineament.
Radius Effect of the Alkaline Earths on the Rate of Inversion of Aragonite to CalciteThe effect of magnesium, strontium, and other alkaline earths on the formation and persistence of metastable carbonates in the natural environment was investigated to determine the nature of the controlling mechanism. Barium and beryllium were studied to evaluate the effect of ionic radius; magnesium and strontium, in order to determine if the results correlate with the usual order of stability for complexes and adsorbed species. Known weights of aragonite were placed in contact with solutions of beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, and barium. Samples were covered and periodically both pH and percent composition of aragonite determined; supernatant liquids and precipitates were analyzed for cation concentrations by atomic absorption spectroscopy and titrimetric methods. Results indicated that the order of effectiveness of alkaline earth metals in inhibiting recrystallization is : Be > Mg > Sr > Ba. This is the expected order of effectiveness for both surface and solution effects. A solution effect (i.e., sequestration of bicarbonate ions) is strongly suggested by the chemical behavior of each cation.