Plasmon Resonant Gold-Coated Liposomes for Spectral, Temporal, and Spatial Control of Release
AuthorLeung, Sarah Jane
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
EmbargoRelease after 31-Jan-2013
AbstractTechnological limitations have prevented interrogation and manipulation of many signaling pathways in model and living systems required for the development of diagnostic and therapeutic modalities in diseases, such as cancer. Liposome-supported plasmon resonant gold nanoshells are biologically inspired composite structures, in which the liposome allows for the encapsulation of substances, and the plasmon resonant structure facilitates rapid release of encapsulated contents upon laser light illumination. As shown in this work, we overcome current limitations in cellular manipulation using plasmon resonant gold-coated liposomes in conjunction with light-activated release to achieve accurate probing of complex cellular responses. Development toward this goal was demonstrated with four specific aims. The first specific aim was to develop a computational model of heat diffusion to investigate the light-induced heating of gold-coated liposomes. This model was used to optimize the photothermal process for release of an encapsulated payload. The second aim was to demonstrate encapsulation and on-demand release of molecules in a spectrally-controlled manner, where plasmon resonant nanoparticles only release content upon illumination with a wavelength of light matching their plasmon resonance band. The third specific aim was to demonstrate that this release mechanism can be used in a biological setting to deliver a peptide and extracellularly activate surface membrane receptors with single-cell spatial and high temporal resolution. The fourth specific aim further refined the level of spatial and temporal control of payload release using gold-coated liposomes with optical trapping to demonstrate mirco-manipulation of liposome movement and rapid content release to enable accurate perturbation of cellular functions in response to released compounds. Through this work, we have developed an experimental system with the potential for the delivery and localized release of an encapsulated agent with high spatial and temporal resolution. This on-demand release system is compatible with a broad range of molecules and uses biologically safe near-infrared light. In combination with the spectral tunability of these plasmon resonant nanoshells and spectrally-selective release, this technology may allow for interrogation of complex and diverse signaling pathways in living tissues or their models with unprecedented spatial and temporal control.
Degree ProgramGraduate College