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dc.contributor.authorSchwarz, Kamber Renea
dc.creatorSchwarz, Kamber Reneaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-18T20:01:20Z
dc.date.available2012-09-18T20:01:20Z
dc.date.issued2012-05
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/244793
dc.description.abstractWe present a systematic single-dish search for molecular outflows toward a sample of 39 candidate low-luminosity and Very Low Luminosity Objects (VeL-LOs; L(int) ≤ 0.1 L(⊙)) identified using data from the Spitzer Space Telescope catalogued by Dunham et al. toward nearby (D < 400 pc) star forming regions. Each source was observed in ¹²CO and ¹³CO J = 2 → 1 simultaneously using the sideband separating ALMA Band-6 prototype receiver on the Heinrich Hertz Telescope at 30" resolution. Using 5-point grid maps we identify new potential outflow candidates and make on-the-fly maps of the regions surrounding sources in the dense cores B59, L1148, L1228, and L1165. Of these new outflow candidates, only the map of B59 (023) shows a distinct blue outflow lobe. We also present larger and more sensitive maps of the previously detected L673-7 and the L1251-A IRS4 outflows and analyze their properties in comparison to other outflows from VeLLOs. The accretion luminosities derived from the out- flow properties of the VeLLOs with detected CO outflows are higher than the observed internal luminosity of the protostars, indicating that these sources likely had higher accretion rates in the past. We do not detect clear, unconfused signatures of red and blue molecular wings toward the other 32 sources in the survey indicating that large-scale, distinct outflows from low-luminosity protostars and VeLLOs are rare. Several potential outflows are confused with kinematic structure in the surrounding core and cloud. Interferometric imaging is needed to disentangle large-scale molecular cloud kinematics from these potentially weak protostellar outflows.
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.titleA Systemic Search for Molecular Outflows Toward Candiate Low-Luminosity Protostarsen_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeElectronic Thesisen_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
thesis.degree.levelbachelorsen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineHonors Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineAstronomyen_US
thesis.degree.nameB.S.en_US
refterms.dateFOA2018-08-13T21:23:51Z
html.description.abstractWe present a systematic single-dish search for molecular outflows toward a sample of 39 candidate low-luminosity and Very Low Luminosity Objects (VeL-LOs; L(int) ≤ 0.1 L(⊙)) identified using data from the Spitzer Space Telescope catalogued by Dunham et al. toward nearby (D < 400 pc) star forming regions. Each source was observed in ¹²CO and ¹³CO J = 2 → 1 simultaneously using the sideband separating ALMA Band-6 prototype receiver on the Heinrich Hertz Telescope at 30" resolution. Using 5-point grid maps we identify new potential outflow candidates and make on-the-fly maps of the regions surrounding sources in the dense cores B59, L1148, L1228, and L1165. Of these new outflow candidates, only the map of B59 (023) shows a distinct blue outflow lobe. We also present larger and more sensitive maps of the previously detected L673-7 and the L1251-A IRS4 outflows and analyze their properties in comparison to other outflows from VeLLOs. The accretion luminosities derived from the out- flow properties of the VeLLOs with detected CO outflows are higher than the observed internal luminosity of the protostars, indicating that these sources likely had higher accretion rates in the past. We do not detect clear, unconfused signatures of red and blue molecular wings toward the other 32 sources in the survey indicating that large-scale, distinct outflows from low-luminosity protostars and VeLLOs are rare. Several potential outflows are confused with kinematic structure in the surrounding core and cloud. Interferometric imaging is needed to disentangle large-scale molecular cloud kinematics from these potentially weak protostellar outflows.


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