PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractConstitutional reform (devolution) fundamentally altered the political positions of the nations of the United Kingdom, allowing them to embrace a greater degree of self-determination. This works seeks to analyze both state-level and sub-state-level national identities in the United Kingdom. Using analysis of large-scale surveys as well as smaller scale research projects, this work seeks to examine the meanings, connotations, and inclusivity of the national identities of England and Scotland (English, Scottish and British). It also seeks to find trends in identification in the years since (and immediately before) the advent of devolution. This analysis suggests that meanings and connotations of the various national identities vary greatly, both between the nations of the UK and within them. With such a flux in meaning, inclusivity is difficult to measure but Scottish identity is found to be more inclusive. After initial shifts around the time of devolution, both Scotland and England appear to have experienced relative stability in national identification recently. Political implications are unclear, however, as national identity does not directly correspond with desire for constitutional change.
Degree ProgramHonors College