Now showing items 1-20 of 226

    • Wetlands restoration and conservation of cultural and environmental value of Totorales in Huanchaco, Peru

      Benites, Claudia; College of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Architecture; Murieta, Joaquin; Wong, Kenny; Iuliano, Joey (The University of Arizona., 2022-12)
      The Peruvian coast has approximately 40 wetlands that are part of the biological corridor of wildlife, especially birds. In addition, in Huanchaco the totora reed ponds are the main economic livelihood of the locality because of its traditional management to build the ''caballitos de totora'' (reed horses). Due to urban growth and the Niño Phenomenom, the consequences are flood, solid waste and sewage pollution, coastal erosion, and air pollution. The research explores the cultural, economic, and environmental importance of the Wetlands, as well as the historical framework of the ''caballitos de totora''. At the same time, it proposes conceptual strategies to be applied for the restoration of the Huanchaco wetlands with green infrastructure and participatory design, as well as for the prevention of the effects of the El Niño phenomenon and urban sprawl. In the first part of the study, a case study of restoration success stories is developed, an expert on the subject is interviewed, a site analysis is made and finally, a small-scale project exploration is proposed. In the second part, the guidelines to be followed are determined with the objective of replicating the strategies for other ecosystem and rainfall restoration projects. Finally, the project proposes participatory planning based on green infrastructure that functions as a sustainable drainage system, in turn creating a buffer edge with green corridors and waterscapes to reestablish the relationship between man and wetlands. This infrastructure takes advantage of the excess water that occurs during the El Niño phenomenon as an opportunity to create urban spaces and generate a series of green spaces that can be carried out with participatory planning by the fishermen of Huanchaco and their families.
    • Safe cities through urban design: The case of San Juan de Lurigancho

      Pachas, Alejandra; College of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Architecture; joey, Iuliano; Joey, Iulano; Kenny, Wong (The University of Arizona., 2022-12)
      Road insecurity has been a concern in San Juan de Lurigancho (Lima, Peru), making residents feel unsafe when moving on foot or by bicycle. The emphasis on automobiles in planning roadways and cities causes this issue. In addition to the low design quality of the streets, there really is minimal upkeep and the informality of Peruvians. After an investigation of the area and interviews with several locals, it was determined that one of the district’s crossing points, Avenidas Próceres de la Independencia with Av. El Sol shows a high degree of road insecurity, which is reflected in traffic accidents. In addition, it was observed that the area presents a large lost space, the berm under Line 1 of the Lima Metro. This analysis helped in the proposal of an urban design that enhances the urban area in a sustainable way, where the pedestrian is focused, generating walkable cities that are safe and suitable for all types of users.
    • 15-minute cities as a solution to the post-pandemic world. The case of the San Juan de Lurigancho’s district in Lima

      Casas Osorio, Valeria Sofia; College of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Architecture; Iuliano, Joey; Iuliano, Joey; Wong, Kenny; Bernal, Sandra (The University of Arizona., 2022-12)
      This project focuses on a sector of the most populated district of Lima, San Juan de Lurigancho, which has more than 1 million inhabitants and does not have an adequate urban design for its citizens. I present a new sector design focused on micro-mobility (bicycles, skates, scooters), strategies of the 15-minute cities, neighbors’ needs, and the current outlook of COVID-19 in Peru. To achieve this, we use surveys to analyze each street through images taken by google maps and our images. The strategies used in the USA, Spain, and Colombia were used as a reference for the design. As an ultimate result of the project, we got a superblock that meets the resident’s needs. They feel confident that the proposed design will meet most of their expectations if another pandemic happens in the future.
    • Designing for Everyone: How can Transit-Oriented Development be applied in Comas to improve urban mobility and transportation to better people’s lives?

      Wong, Cristina; Iuliano, Joey; Vicuna Lacherre, Diego Fernando; College of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Architecture; Iuliano, Joey; Wong, Cristina; Iuliano, Joey; Wong, Cristina (The University of Arizona., 2022)
      The development of Lima, Peru caused social and economic disparities that dramatically now impact how people move through the city. Currently, more than half of the population spends more than four hours daily in commutes. Local authorities have created different systems that improve urban mobility in Lima. However, it does not solve the main problem as public transportation is not integrated, and the land use distribution is inadequate. This happens in districts like Comas, the main focus for the Capstone. The BRT Metropolitano is under expansion in the study site to improve accessibility, yet it fails as public spaces and urban infrastructure improvement are not considered. Through interviews and case studies, I determined that transit-oriented development (TOD) could be applied in Comas to improve urban mobility and transportation to contribute to people’s lives by creating an axis that contemplates the need for a more efficient and inclusive transportation network. Designing BRT in this way can dramatically improve the quality of life for residents in Comas and across the city.
    • Preservation of Cultural Heritage Buildings in the Historic Center of Lima

      Iuliano, Joey; Wong, Kenny; Miranda, Viviana; College of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Architecture; Wong, Kenny; Wong, Kenny (The University of Arizona., 2022-12)
      The preservation of the Historic Center of Lima should be prioritized. The purpose of this paper is to provide evidence and information about the adequate conservation and preservation of cultural heritage buildings in Lima, focusing on the Historic Center in Lima Center. Most of the cultural heritage buildings in this area have been completely abandoned. Although there is a plan to preserve them, very few are being cared for, leaving a large portion of them abandoned and risking the loss of important history and architecture. I approached the topic from a historical, touristic, and economic point of view. I work in this area of the city because there are buildings there with an important historical antecedent, or that present outstanding architectural typologies. The importance of the study lies in the significance that these buildings have for the economic, cultural, touristic, and historical progress of the district and the city. I focused on why this district should be prioritized. Furthermore, similar cases in different parts of the world with the same context or problem were analyzed, allowing us to compare and use them as a reference for an appropriate intervention in specific buildings in the area. Surveys were also used to know the opinion of the population on the problem and what their point of view was, if the intervention and preservation of these buildings were eventually carried out. As a result, although the population does not know the history of the buildings, if there were a plan to maintain them and subsequently teach their history, they would be interested in visiting them, which would be an economic support for the maintenance of the buildings.
    • Improving Urban Transportation in Lima

      Iuliano, Joey; Bernal, Sandra; Wong, Kenny; Macedo, Valeria; College of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Architecture; Iuliano, Joey; Iuliano, Joey; Wong, Kenny (The University of Arizona., 2022-12)
      Urban transport in Lima is currently one of the most critical problems in the city because it forces people to use motorized vehicles to move to most of their destinations, which causes traffic congestion in most of the busiest areas all over the city. Residents make more than 15 million daily trips, and about 75% of these are made through mass or public transport because there exists an insufficient infrastructure to use bicycles or walk, which brings adverse effects to citizens in terms of traffic, pollution, or insecurity. This paper details some solutions that could be implemented in one of the many busiest areas with vehicular problems: Plaza Bolognesi, a town square located in Lima Center. The main objective is to propose design solutions in the five surrounding avenues of this place to provide more safety for the citizens who tend to move in this area, whether walking, by bike, car, or any other way of transportation. Some of the proposals are to create bike lanes and pedestrian infrastructure, which help to improve traffic flow and build friendly communities. Also, the importance of pedestrians is demonstrated by including street furniture. Besides, to prevent vehicular congestion and disorder from increasing, bus lanes and more efficient urban signage are created. This project will demonstrate the importance of improving sustainable practices in the streets and the positive impact it would bring to the citizens who usually frequent the area.
    • Universal Design in San Juan de Lurigancho

      Quispe, Lucero; College of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Architecture; Bernal, Sandra; Iuliano, Joey; Wong, Kenny (The University of Arizona., 2022-12)
      People with disabilities face mobility challenges, and it is imperative that urban planning and design thinking prioritize them. The universal design accounts for the different capacities of human beings by addressing everyone’s needs without adapting or having a unique design thereafter. However, nowadays, although disabilities are widely known, infrastructure and policy do not seem responsive in Peru. This research aims to reveal the actual status of urban design that involves accessibility around a Special Needs School in San Juan Lurigancho, Peru. Firstly, a literature review on official government documentation and census data plus statistics by an official organization CONADIS to allocate the available resources, current policy, and guidelines. Secondly, a comparative analysis shows the difference between resources and infrastructure near educational facilities for students with special needs in the United States and Peru. Lastly, the survey results also ran in the USA and Peru, seeking the perception of students in architecture around accessibility. The conclusions indicate that the urban infrastructure around a Special Needs School in San Juan de Lurigancho, Peru, and Barrio Hollywood, USA, does not entirely address the needs of disabled students and lacks the right design. Despite the economic deficiencies in both cases, the current approaches lead to a similar urban infrastructure.
    • Building The Future: The Other Side of Construction

      Morán Carnero, Danesska Michelle; College of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Architecture; Wong, Cristina; Iuliano, Joey (The University of Arizona., 2022-11)
      Technology has generated benefits for citizens, from resource management to city development. However, it has generated environmental consequences, especially within the construction industry. The dominant explanation for this trend is increased construction and demolition (C&D) waste. C&D waste is a subject not widely studied because of its informality. Previous research has primarily relied on cross-sectional data, providing several challenges in Lima, Peru. I use data from the Ministry of Environment and Housing and interviews to understand the increase in waste. However, this increase cannot be explained only with big data- testimonials and specialist analysis are required. The study focuses on the district of Chorrillos, which has an urban city, an ocean, and a protected natural area that can be affected by debris. Consequently, they suffer visual, air, soil, and water pollution. In addition, it can affect their health if they touch or eat hazardous waste. The results allow a deeper understanding of the resources and pollution in terms of use, management, regulation, and planning.
    • Healthy Public Spaces after COVID-19

      Wong Lent, Cristina; Ramos Estrada, Ursula; College of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Architecture; Iuliano, Joey (The University of Arizona., 2022-11)
      The COVID-19 pandemic developed a greater awareness towards the importance of the sanitary protocol and made it clear within the population about the need for human beings to interact with others and a specific space for it. However, we ask ourselves the following questions: are our public spaces in Lima well designed? And does the design of these public spaces help create a good health prevention environment and satisfy public encounters between people? Several shortcomings were revealed at the pandemic’s beginning when the public spaces were reviewed. Sources and specific cases of public spaces were analyzed to determine how people use these places and how they could be improved or adapted. The information acquired would be complemented with the study of a case of public space in the city of Lima. For this, the opinions of some citizens on public spaces in Lima and on the Arenales Shopping Center were collected. This case revealed strengths and weaknesses that could be applied to other public areas or used to improve this studied space. The investigation hinted at the importance of human interaction and the ideal spaces for it. Of course, there may be architectural criteria to design them. However, some spaces can be adapted for this human interaction, where a community can expand its identity in that place.
    • How to Improve Urban Conditions in Informal Settlements

      Wong Lent, Cristina; Vilca Flores, Diana Ximena; College of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Architecture; Iuliano, Joey (The University of Arizona., 2022-12)
      We should discourage people from continuing to build their houses in the informal settlements of Lima, Peru, as they live in dangerous conditions. These settlements lack critical resources and infrastructure. The lack of basic services such as water and electricity hinders the quality of life. The same area is not where childrenChildren can not play in this area because the streets are not paved; also, there are likely many diseases. We can see that the root of this problem is the people who live in this settlement and those who continue to build houses as they endanger more lives. The solution to this problem is to create an improved urbanistic relationship with the settlement itself and relocate these people to an urbanized area where each plot of land has a public registry so people have full property rights. By creating this land registration system and using prefabricated houses, the number of people living in unsafe conditions can decrease while providing stable housing.
    • The Principles of Design in Oncology Centers

      Villalobos Franco, Mayra; College of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Architecture; Wong, Cristina; Iulano, Joey; Wong, Cristina (The University of Arizona., 2022-12)
      The design of hospital spaces is not an easy task for architects. Even though there are no basic principles for the correct design of these spaces, it is possible to obtain guidelines that help the patient remain comfortable. A hospital is not seen as a place of permanence and even less as a place for recreation. This is something that some countries have been changing and have achieved modern hospital designs that invite patients to stay in the facilities for a longer period, providing them with recreational spaces and treatment spaces. This work cross-references the information obtained from designs worldwide and contrasts them with Lima’s current infrastructure. This research provides principles that should be considered, such as natural lighting and designing it like a home, when designing hospital spaces with the patient’s overall well-being as the main importance.
    • Advantages of Green Façade Application in Buildings from Lima

      Calderón, José; College of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Architecture; Wong, Cristina; Iuliano, Joey (The University of Arizona., 2022-12)
      The study demonstrates green architecture gets vital importance in metropolises worldwide. However, many architects and entrepreneurs in real estate are unconscious, applying negative issues against the three pillars of sustainability. Nowadays, global warming provides many concerns about the impacts of the built environment on the world. Green architecture seeks to reduce pollution and improve aesthetics because bioclimatic behavior adjustments have generally influenced the building. One potential solution is green facades, which play a central role in environmental conservation due to their high impact on the use of trees in the building. Architects can apply these measures to create a healthy living environment and promote a commitment to the environment and social sustainability in buildings. In this Capstone, I examine the relationship between perceived levels of environmental comfort and satisfaction through comfort ratings. The research shows positive attributes of green facades over the years. It is environmentally and socially beneficial, and many resources are highly economical. By discussing these results, the research can educate the architects and inhabitants of Lima, especially throughout Perú, concluding that it is possible to obtain green architecture in our country.
    • Analysis and redesign of green areas in Lima

      Cueva-Lujan, Julio Constante; College of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Architecture; Wong, Cristina; Iuliano, Joey (The University of Arizona., 2022-12)
      Lima does not have enough green space for its citizens and falls short of the area dictated by international health organizations. How can we improve the spaces offered to better meet the public’s needs? I used a commercial area in Lima’s Santiago de Surco district to study this. The district does not have the recommended green space area, but it is close, allowing us to get a general idea of how to improve the space for the public. The study utilized censuses, surveys, and site visits to understand how people use the space. The data shows that despite having a variety of parks, they do not meet people’s expectations. The result is that parks are not used continuously, and much of the area is underutilized. The existence of parks but their lack of use is an example of a design problem. I propose redesigning the park spaces based on the data collected to better suit the public’s needs. By understanding people’s unfulfilled needs, we can improve them through better-designed green areas.
    • Adapting Green Roofs for Desert Climates

      Deitering, Sydney; College of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Architecture; Iuliano, Joey; Wong, Kenny (The University of Arizona., 2022-04-21)
      The following paper is an in-depth assessment of the challenges and benefits of implementing green roofs (a layer of vegetation planted over a waterproofing system that is installed on top of a flat or slightly–sloped roof) in hot and arid climates. (NPS) Green roofs provide a variety of benefits that would be helpful in the creation and upkeep of sustainable, green buildings-but they also bring about costs and a need for resources in an area where these resources are not abundant. Through an analysis of several different groups of vegetation, structures, and watering methods a discussion of the costs and benefits will help reimagine the traditional green roof to be better suited for the dry, drought-ridden desert climate of Tucson, Arizona.
    • Optimizing Building Performance: Recommended Design Strategies for the University of Arizona Mathematics Building

      Baker, Slade Caspe; College of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Architecture; Wong, Kenny; Iuliano, Joey (The University of Arizona., 2022-05-09)
      This study focuses on design intervention strategies for the University of Arizona Mathematics building to increase building energy efficiency through a reduction of electric energy loads. Through a post occupancy evaluation of the Mathematics Building, problem areas pertaining to inefficient placement and function of overhead lighting and lack of exterior shading devices were found to cause unnecessary energy demands which can be avoided. The post occupancy evaluation was guided by literature reviews and case studies showing successful implementations of smart building interior lighting and the reduced electric energy demands following implementation of effective exterior shading. These findings justify design recommendations that can be applied to the Mathematics Building.
    • Commercial Green Roof Systems in New Orleans

      Boone, Emma; College of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Architecture; Iuliano, Joey; Wong, Kenny (The University of Arizona., 2022-05-10)
      Green roofs have been greatly underappreciated for their ability to provide environmental and economic benefits to a building. This method of green infrastructure utilizes unused roof space to prevent climate risks and provide savings toward water costs. Climate change has caused many environmental, social, and constructional issues that have hindered the integrity of the city of New Orleans. The city has been looking for alternative routes to prevent these negative effects. The research presented focuses on how green roofs can benefit cities with high storm exposure, such as New Orleans. These benefits were measured through a proposed green roof located atop the Columns Hotel in New Orleans, LA. This proposed green roof was created using information gained from the Hanging Gardens LLC and their project located at the Sewerage and Water Board’s administration building. Although this method of green infrastructure is not the most cost-efficient, it has proven to be a great implementation for flood prevention. By slowing the water flow during storms, pressure can be taken off the already stressed pipes and pumps. Land subsidence will also decrease with green roofs as stormwater will now have time to infiltrate through the clay-like soil. Finally, adding a green roof may bring additional customers to the hotel.
    • Challenges in Laboratory Sustainability Within the Biopharmaceutical Industry

      Bustamante, Apolonia; College of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Architecture; Wong, Kenny; Iuliano, Joey (The University of Arizona., 2022-05-03)
      Abstract The biotech pharmaceutical industry (Bio-Pharma) is fast growing with drug products that save millions of lives with scientific research and dedication to providing medication to its clientele. With such a high demand and fast paced agenda there is much difficult surrounding the ability to adopt sustainable practices. This research was conducted at Ajinomoto Biopharma, specifically the United States branch, and its challenges with laboratory sustainability practice. A total of 20 (N=20) laboratory analysts were surveyed for this research. Each analyst was asked a series of 3 questions and their responses were recorded. It was found that laboratory sustainability mainly faces challenges due the lack of alternatives that are available. Specifically within the pharmaceutical industry there are many guidelines and standards that must be followed for the health and safety of patients as well as employees. This causes issues when trying to find sustainable tools for conducting research that also are safe for the environment.
    • Density in the Desert: Analyzing the Infill Incentive District in Tucson, Arizona

      Nelson, Brad; College of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Architecture; Iuliano, Joey; Wong, Kenny (The University of Arizona., 2022-05-04)
      This study investigates the outcomes of the Infill Incentive District (IID) in Tucson, Arizona. Implemented in 2009, this program was designed to reduce blight and high vacancy rates in downtown Tucson and surrounding areas. The program also had the goal of creating more pedestrian and transit-oriented development along the Sun Link streetcar route. The intention of this study is to determine if the goals sought out by the city at the time of the program’s implementation were realized. Several incentives were offered by the program including reductions in parking restrictions, application fees and setback limitations as well as relaxations on height limitations determined by existing zoning restrictions. There were also financial incentives through tax abatements for developers. The findings of this study were that, as of the date of writing, 2,199 new multi-family units were approved under the program, as well as over 300,000 square feet of new retail, office, restaurant/bar and entertainment space. Additionally, several existing locations have had their parking requirements reduced or eliminated.
    • Waste Not Rot Not: Landscaping in Tucson, AZ

      Iuliano, Joey; Wong, Kenny; Huerta, Alejandra; College of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Architecture; Wong, Kenny; Iuliano, Joey (The University of Arizona., 2022-05-05)
      Tucson, Arizona’s population has grown quickly in the past few decades, causing the existing population to demand more from Tucson’s aging infrastructure, particularly in the realm of green (vegetative) waste disposal. For the Los Reales Sustainability Campus, the site that houses Tucson’s largest (and Arizona’s 3rd largest) landfill, one reaction to this demand has been to invest in different waste diversion programs, such as green waste, to keep reusable materials out of its landfill. However, the success of these programs relies heavily upon their use by those who have the greatest potential to divert vegetative waste: local landscaping firms. For this reason, this research assesses the barriers to green waste diversion according to Tucson landscaping firms of different sizes in order to determine trends in current green waste disposal as well as commercial behaviors towards green waste diversion. A qualitative analysis of four landscaping companies in Tucson, AZ revealed that the greatest barrier to green waste diversion was the cost of waste diversion and the inability to ensure a 100% green load as required by most green waste diversion programs. Customer preference plays a significant role in deciding the disposal business model and its capacity to change, primarily because most customers prioritize cutting costs over promoting sustainability.
    • The Magnitude of Sustainability Practices Across the Globe

      Gage, Breanna; College of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Architecture; Youssef, Omar; Iuliano, Joey; Wong, Kenny (The University of Arizona., 2022)
      This paper investigates the importance of planning in order to appropriately adapt to an ever-evolving coexistence between humanity, the Earth and its ecosystems, and the resources it provides. Specifically, the study aims to summarize the ways in which sustainable architectural design practices can create a mutualistic coexistence between the planet, current and future generations. By analyzing failures and successes within sustainable architecture and applying the respective data, we can further learn and enhance current ideas to better protect, preserve, and provide for the Earth and all that live on it. As fossil fuels are burned they release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, carbon dioxide is known as a greenhouse gas, which traps heat in the Earth’s atmosphere. As greenhouse gasses are continuously released into the atmosphere with no regulation, temperatures continue to rise. Increased temperatures from burning fossil fuels have negatively affected all living things on Earth including sea level rise threatening islands and peninsulas, increased risk of extreme weather, which leads to biodiversity loss and species extinction; leading to food scarcity, loss of health and increased poverty across the globe. Provident solutions must be made to measure, observe and implement new ideas and technology in order to prevent such catastrophe from being the fate of the future.