• Adaptive Reuse: A Proper Way for Chinese Architectural Preservation

      Lin, Xiaojun; Green, Ellery; Green, Ellery; Matter, Fred S.; Yoklic, Martin (The University of Arizona., 1995)
      For many developing countries, a major problem is the challenge of preserving cultural integrity in the face of modernization. On the one hand, these countries have a common goal to develop their national economy and improve standards of living for their people. On the other hand, they need to protect the integrity of the indigenous culture during the process of development which itself often brings in external influences and new lifestyles. Modernization and development require technologies, resources and materials which come from trade and an open economical policy strongly influenced by western culture. Modern western civilization strongly influences the societies, economics and social relations in many developing countries, and can cause major changes in the way of life. As a developing country, China is facing that great challenge today: Is it possible to pursue modernization and at the same time maintain the integrity of culture? This challenge confronts not only scholars and policy makers, but developers, architects and the residents of the communities themselves.
    • Analysis of Energy Conservation within the Tucson Unified School District

      Kirby, G. Siobhan; Matter, Fred S.; Chalfoun, Nader V.; Yoklic, Martin; Crockett, Doug (The University of Arizona., 2002)
    • Architectural drawings: surrogates for proposed environments

      Hopper, Albert Nelson (The University of Arizona., 1978)
    • The architecture of assisted living for the elderly: Achieving the meanings of home

      Doxtater, Dennis C.; Marsden, John Patrick, 1966- (The University of Arizona., 1993)
      This thesis explores the sociocultural meanings of home in congregate housing facilities offering assisted living services for the elderly in the United States. A review of the meanings of home in the single-family house is initially conducted to define categories of meaning with respect to the socio-historical and cultural forces which have shaped them. Previous studies are also analyzed concerning the meaning of home in elderly housing. Twenty structured interviews are then conducted with the elderly occupying apartments in three different housing facilities with varying socioeconomic composition. The purpose is to explore whether or not the same categories of meaning defined with respect to the single-family house one generally identifies with are replicated in the congregate housing facilities. Although the study is exploratory in nature without specific intentions of drawing definitive conclusions, emergent themes suggest that in congregate housing for the aged: security becomes less of an issue; function dominates social, expressive aspects; and self-preservation through objects tends to be more important than self-expression.
    • A Bioclimatic Study on Housing Patterns in Bahrain

      Al-Hashimi, Khalid A. (The University of Arizona., 1996)
    • Connecting With Nature: Building a Spirit of Sustainability in Architectural Design

      Preston, John C.; Jeffery, R. Brooks; Doxtater, Dennis; Hardin, Mary (The University of Arizona., 2007)
      Alarm about the state of the environment, particularly Global Climate Change with its many implications, has led to a new awareness and action toward creating a sustainable future. By the United Nations’ definition, a sustainable future is one that meets the needs of the present while protecting the environment and providing for the needs of the future. With this new awareness, technologies and design approaches that support the concept of sustainability have become popular. Less attention has been focused on the important potential experiential and aesthetic benefits that come from a stronger appreciation and relationship to nature. This wide-ranging study broadly analyzes the concept of sustainability as it applies to aspects of planning, landscape architecture and more specifically in regard to architectural design. The research of literature and projects of noted writers, designers and buildings associated with sustainability is used to find common attributes for creating a character, or spirit. The research examines the additional factors that create a character of sustainability in environments. Seven common key indicators important to the creation of sustainable character are derived from the research. This character happens when a holistic design approach is taken, and the interaction between humans, nature and the designed physical environment is emphasized as an integral part of the process. These factors may be used to analyze projects for their relationship to sustainability in aesthetic and experiential terms, as well as providing criteria for future designs.
    • Decoding architects' hiring criteria and students' perceptions of the job-seeking process

      Lockard, W. Kirby; Frauenfelder, Daniela, 1969- (The University of Arizona., 1993)
      The objective of this thesis is to develop a picture of the communications which constitute the job-seeking process of architecture students and the professionals that hire them. This thesis seeks to improve upon standard job-seeking and hiring paradigms and contribute to current job-seeking information, applied specifically to the architecture profession, so that architecture schools are better equipped to prepare students for employment challenges that lie ahead. Two hundred thirteen University of Arizona architecture alumni and two hundred twelve architecture students were surveyed to determine the criteria that architects use when hiring interns, to assess attitudes architects have toward employment-seeking materials, and to uncover perceptions students have about job-seeking. The research concludes that architects' hiring criteria do not match students' perceptions. There were differences in hiring criteria and perceptions of the job-seeking process between and within professional and student populations.

      OLESEN, CHRISTINA L. (The University of Arizona., 2000)

      Bukamur, Said Mohamed, 1948- (The University of Arizona., 1985)

      STANLEY, EDWARD MICHAEL (The University of Arizona., 1981)

      YOON, KI-BYUNG (The University of Arizona., 1983)
    • Ecological Design Principles For A Mixed-Use Development In Tucson, Arizona

      D'Arcy, Gerard (The University of Arizona., 2006)
      This report explores the process of designing sustainable mixed-use communities in Tucson, Arizona. It is intended as a primer for the ecological design of large buildings in a hot/arid climate region. It combines and expands on the concepts and relationships between sustainability and mixed-use development in Tucson and provides this information in order to elevate the discussion on these issues as directly related to future development of the Tucson urban core. A particular site in downtown Tucson is subject to a design proposal that responds to the city’s desire for this type of development while working in line with the current city models and ordinances. Furthermore, the final design attempts to meet the objectives for optimizing opportunities regarding the implementation of ecological design principles such as natural ventilation, natural day lighting and water conservation. The major motivation behind the following report is two fold; It illustrates the environmental condition that exists in Tucson today (physical and political) and outlines an approach to design that seeks to ensure that future generations enjoy continued access to the world’s natural resources.
    • Effect of Daylight Application on the Thermal Performa Iraqi Traditional Vernacula Residential Buildings

      Chalfoun, Nader; Mandilawi, Asma Sulaiman Hasan (The University of Arizona., 2012)
      This study includes three stages: the first stage is an analysis, documentation, index through comparison different traditional vernacular buildings (houses) in three cities in Iraqi provinces: Baghdad, Arbil, and the Marshes in Nasiryah province. The study compares data collection through photography and sketches the environmental aspects of the different houses as they respond to the climate, material, construction methods, and passive system. The second stage is an analysis for the daylight strategies of two of the previous regions, Baghdad and Marshes. The study will document all the windows details, and that includes window area, window area compared to the wall area and to the floor area, window treatments and ground and wall reflection. The third stage is analysis for the daylight parameters in Baghdad region only. The study includes visual comfort bench mark: Intensity, distribution, glare, shading, and control (Human intervention/automatic). The analyses documentation of the daylight parameters is going to be through graphic diagrams and sketches. A guideline will be developed based on the analysis and finding from previous sections, and by submitting a model for the analyses purposes. A thorough and professional paper will be delivered to provide proper documentation of the process and it findings.
    • The Effects of Adaptive Shading and the Selective Reflector Light Shelf on Office Building Energy Efficiency and Daylight Performance in Hot Arid Regions

      Chalfoun, Nader; Abboushi, Belal Khalid (The University of Arizona., 2013)
      Highly glazed facades have been increasingly built for aesthetics, to achieve green buildings ratings, and to maximize daylight admission. In general, when the window area increases, building energy consumption increases. The objective of this thesis is to provide architects and engineers with a method to increase window area, attain daylight benefits, improve indoor environmental quality, and enhance connectivity to outdoors without increasing the building energy consumption. Adaptive shading was utilized to control solar heat gain and improve daylight performance. Additionally, this research proposed a new type of light shelves, Solar Reflector Light Shelf (SRL), which helps improve daylight while reducing heat gain. COMFEN 4.1 and Energy Plus software were used to simulate different system combinations and options, and to evaluate their performance based on monthly energy consumption, illuminance, luminance, and DGI levels.
    • The Effects of Orientation and Regional Climatic Variations on the Thermal Performance of a House

      Kliman, Susan Schaefer,1963-; Medlin, Richard Larry (The University of Arizona., 1994)
      Building orientations in a hot-arid climate were studied using Calpas3. The results are analyzed in terms of annual energy consumption. An existing residence and several variations were simulated using weather files for both Tucson and Phoenix, Arizona. The selected variations comprise a representative sample which demonstrates that orientation may not be as significant a factor in a building's thermal performance as the literature suggests. There is a general range between 25-35° of either side of due south in which the thermal performance of a building is satisfactory; however, the effect of orientation is related to all of the building's characteristics. Of these characteristics, glazing area and location play the greatest role when analyzed by a simulation program which measures heat gain and loss across the building envelope. Variations in local climatic conditions can also have a significant effect on the thermal performance of a building.