• Las Palmas: An approach towards sustainable tourism development in Baja California Sur, Mexico

      Liggett, Aaron; Frederickson, Mark; Stoltz, Ronald; Scott, Elizabeth (The University of Arizona., 2013)
      As mass tourism is spreading throughout Latin America, haphazard growth is threatening the environment and local communities. In an effort to mitigate social and environmental impacts an alternative approach towards tourism development utilizes principles of ecotourism and smart growth to balance tourism, community, and environmental goals in order to maintain a healthy environment and contribute to the local community. Located several miles south of the town of Todos Santos in Baja California Sur, Mexico, Las Palmas is a 490 acre site with a mixed use development focused on ecological preservation and the integration of tourism with the local community. Entirely pedestrian oriented, the development includes a 46 unit ecolodge that is connected to a town center composed of a variety of housing types, and features commercial services, selected retail, and fitness and community centers. A 14 acre organic farm weaves through the development providing fresh vegetables to the local market and restaurants. 95% of the site is set aside as permanent natural open space run by research facilities that responsibly guide visitors through its natural beauties. Sustainable practices and research at Las Palmas include an onsite constructed wetland to treat and reuse wastewater, energy-efficient design strategies, a solar harvesting farm, an onsite agricultural center, and ecological regeneration.
    • Redesign of Eldora Mountain Resort: A Conceptual Plan to Enhance Boulder's Backyard

      Sullivan, Sara E.; Scott, Elizabeth; Stoltz, Ronald; Frederickson, Mark (The University of Arizona., 2013)
      When skiing was originally introduced, the sport was focused on the mountain and recreational experience. However, as the market has expanded and operations have improved, ski resorts have turned into large corporate businesses competing with each other and making it difficult for smaller resorts, such as Eldora Mountain Resort, to survive. Just as important, the essence of the sport has become diluted, as the natural mountain experience is becoming lost among the corporate industry. In addition to the large expansive resorts, there is intense land use and a number of environmental impacts such as clear cutting, loss of habitat, erosion, and high water use. Eldora Mountain Resort is a small ski resort outside of Nederland, CO generally used for day skiing. While major destination and day skiing resorts such as Vail, Aspen, and Breckenridge continue to dominate the Interstate 70 corridor, Eldora has a unique opportunity to accommodate skiers and mountain enthusiasts of northern Colorado, as there are no other ski resorts in its immediate surroundings. The resort currently lacks on-site lodging and has limited use during the warm months, with the exception of hiking. The purpose of this research is to address key issues of mountain tourism and the associated environmental impacts in a conceptual redesign of Eldora Mountain Resort. This project examines how Eldora Mountain Resort can integrate year-round recreational opportunities, while focusing on how the resort can strengthen its connection to the natural mountain setting and improve environmental practices, all while creating a unique experience for visitors.
    • Spatial Journeys: Eco-Tourism in the Lower Delta Region of the Colorado River & the Upper Gulf of California.

      Clement, Caryl; Frederickson, Mark; Glenn, Edward; Jones, Warren (The University of Arizona., 2000)
      The northwestern region of the State of Sonora, Mexico is an area rich with cultural and bio-diversity. In recent years, over-fishing of this area coupled with the disappearance of the Colorado River Delta waters has caused a marked decline in the fishing industry. Local economies have suffered causing a trend of the young adults to move away from their homes in order to find viable occupations. Eco-tourism is a viable alternative, potentially improving the current economic decline of the local communities and maintaining the cultural family structures. Examination of the cultural, economic and environmental needs of the area and the preferences of eco-tourists, indicate the possibilities for a sustainable, low impact eco-tourism program. An integrated form of Eco-tourism is proposed for Cienega de Santa Clara, with other potential sites for Eco-tourism tourism activities identified within the region bounded by the Colorado River Delta Biosphere Reserve to the north, extending south through to the small fishing village of El Golfo de Santa Clara. The recommendations proposed are based on the integration of the following: the desires and needs of the locals, involvement of the locals at all levels, strategies that are sensitive to the environment, the desires and needs of Eco-tourists and the needs of outfitter guide services. A pro-active approach will be implemented in conjunction with a an American based company, Southwest Trekking, through the employment of pilot trips, surveys and structured interviews with locals residents and environmental scientists.
    • Sustainable Landscape Development of Urban Waterfront: A waterfront park design along Sanjiao Lake, Xinmin River and Taizi Lake in Wuhan Economic Development Zone in China

      Lu, Li; Frederickson, Mark; Livingston, Margaret; Blazquez, Oscar A. (The University of Arizona., 2013)
      As an important natural resource, urban watercourses have a close relationship with urban development, such as significant connectivity, ecological values and recreational opportunities. Unfortunately, conservation and development of urban waterfronts have not received sufficient attention in many cities in China. Rapid urban development in China has led to decrease in urban watercourses, degradation of urban riparian areas and water pollution. This work focuses on strategies for developing waterfront areas along Sanjiao Lake, Xinmin River and Taizi Lake which is located in Wuhan Economic Development Zone, China.