• Open-Space Protection in Cochise County: A Peer-Based Benchmark Analysis

      Feldmann, James; Pivo, Gary; Evans, Grace; Mulligan, Gordon (The University of Arizona., 2005)
      Numerous studies compare open space policies in amenity-rich high-growth rural counties in the American West. Less common is research on similar counties before these large population shifts occur. This study selects Cochise County and 18 peer counties to benchmark another important segment of the American West—counties of moderate growth. The intent is not to explain causation between policy and open space characteristics but instead to expose open space trends among peers that may be valuable for Cochise County planners. The study begins by reviewing the role of open space in the American West before discussing the federal, state, and local policy context. Interviews with planners and a review of comprehensive plan policies at each county then provide material to benchmark Cochise County and offer recommendations. The results demonstrate that Cochise County planners take a relatively modest approach to open space planning and may benefit from: 1. Elaborating on the Comprehensive Plan purpose 2. Employing stronger language for open space goals 3. Including all applicable goals of open space protection 4. Increasing the number of moderately worded open space tools 5. Recognizing cooperation as a key to open space protection 6. Maintaining strong leadership Expected population growth and a high demand for Cochise’s many natural and cultural amenities only reinforce the need for these recommendations.
    • The Effects of De-Listing the Grizzly Bear from the Endangered Species Act on Timber Management in the Yellowstone Ecosystem

      Hagemeier, Andrew James; Pivo, Gary; Evans, Grace; Roupp, Rebecca (The University of Arizona., 2007)
      When the grizzly bear is delisted from the Yellowstone Ecosystem, strict federal standards regulating timber management on the surrounding National Forests will elapse, and new standards written to protect grizzly bear habitat will take their place. Controversy surrounds this change in management, with some believing this will result in an increase in logging. This paper address how will the delisting may effect timber management on National Forest surrounding Yellowstone National Park. Comparing the documents that guided the management of grizzly bear populations and habitat as a listed species, and the documents guiding management post-delisting, has shown there were many standards and guidelines controlling the size, shape, location, and timing of timber sales in occupied grizzly bear habitat. When the bear is delisted, there will only be one standard controlling the size, shape, location, and timing of timber sales. This one standard will allow greater flexibility in how timber sales are designed, which may result in slight increases in the size of timber sales in occupied grizzly bear habitat.
    • Rural Subdivision Regulations

      Parry, Dylan Wyn (The University of Arizona., 2007)
    • Issues and Responses to Urban Encroachment at the Edge of Western Protected Public Lands

      Metz-Estrella, Tania M.; Pivo, Gary; Huntoon, Laura; Shaw, William (The University of Arizona., 2007)
    • Infrastructure Planning: A Green Approach

      Wietgrefe, Wade Wesley (The University of Arizona., 2008)
    • Green Building Practices Among Production Home Builders

      Zimmerman, Benjamin Neil (The University of Arizona., 2007)
      Residential green building is gaining increased attention around the United States. Interviews with five production home builders from different markets in the western United States explore green building practices among production builders. Examination of what production builders are doing that is considered green, motivations for building green and advantages of green homes helps to inform planners of measures that can be taken to encourage the growth of green building in home construction.
    • Employer Assisted Housing: Implications for the University of Arizona

      Green, Erika (The University of Arizona., 2006)
      The nation’s affordable housing shortage affects millions of households as well as businesses and regional economies. This report presents one solution to the affordable housing deficiency: employer assisted housing. Specifically, it provides initial guidelines and research for implementing a housing program at the University of Arizona in Tucson, Arizona. This document includes a review of employer assisted housing literature, covering both general employer assisted housing publications as well as information specifically relating to universities. Four affordable housing models that could potentially provide a framework for the University of Arizona are also included. Additionally, university case studies are presented that could assist the University of Arizona in implementing a faculty and staff housing program. Finally, recommendations are made, based on the literature and case studies, for a potential faculty and staff housing program.
    • The Influence of Public Service Expenditures on Housing Values and Rents: An Interurban Approach

      Welch, Robyn Kelly (The University of Arizona., 2004)
      Although a wealth of research within the field of urban and regional economics focuses on intraurban variation in housing prices and rents, comparatively less research has been done on their variation at the interurban level – especially with respect to public services. This research attempts to fill this gap in the literature through the investigation of four questions: Do public service expenditures help to explain interurban variation in housing prices and rents? What types of spending make the most difference? How does their effect on housing values compare to their effect on rents? And do these effects change through time? Using an econometric analysis of housing prices and rents in a national data set of metropolitan counties, this research provides substantial evidence linking public goods and services to the place-to-place variations in the cost of living – suggesting that public policy may be used to directly influence the relative attractiveness of regions.
    • Solid Waste Management in the City of South Tucson

      Dederich, Jennifer J.; Becker, Barbara; Evans, Grace; Huntoon, Laura (The University of Arizona., 2005)
      Local municipalities in the United States are increasingly concerned about how and where we are going to dispose of our trash without generating unmanageable costs. The phenomena of increasing land prices, stricter national environmental protection regulations and landowners that are unwillingly to live next to a dump are forcing costs through the roof, in turn, this is draining municipal budgets which are not prepared for the changing solid waste industry. These fiscal drains and stiffening regulation are forcing local legislators to modify the way in which they treat solid waste disposal. Cities and towns are setting up systems that treat waste as a utility that is paid for incrementally and based on usage. This report provides a broad overview of the solid waste disposal in the United States including a brief history, and a synopsis of solid waste disposal policies at the national and state level. Long-term solid waste management concerns and a discussion of current programmatic trends (including Enterprise Funds, Pay As You Throw (PAYT) systems) and complementary services (such as recycling and green waste pickup) are discussed in detail. The City of Tucson’s solid waste policies are used as a framework for the possible restructuring of the smaller municipality, the City of South Tucson’s Sanitation Services. Current sanitation practice in the City of South Tucson and preliminary findings for the FY 2002-03 Sanitation Services cost benefit analysis demonstrate the need for in-depth documentation of all revenues and expenditures. Programmatic and fiscal recommendations for the City of South Tucson include the tracking of all Sanitation Services revenues and expenditures (Base Study), the formation of a self-standing Sanitation Services enterprise fund, the implementation of once a week trash pick up with the integration of complementary services (recycling and green waste), and the eventual implementation of a Pay-As-You-Throw fiscal program. It is recommended that these fiscal and programmatic changes be actuated on an incremental basis, which is dependent on the findings of the Sanitation Services Base Study. An in-depth understanding of the long and short-term solid waste issues will guide the Mayor and Council of the City of South Tucson in making an informed decision on potential policy changes that could enhance the current program while ensuring the program’s fiscal accountability.
    • Regulating Colonias: Findings from a Case Study on Lot-Splitting in Pima County

      Mahaney, Nancy Ellen; Becker, Barbara (The University of Arizona., 2005)
    • Refugee Integration in Tucson, AZ: The Role of a Refugee Council

      Moyle, Fernando Brandon Elliot (The University of Arizona., 2003)
      The purpose of this report is to propose a Refugee Council that could improve the process of refugee resettlement in the cities of Tucson and Phoenix, Arizona. In particular, it provides insight into the ways in which the current administrative arrangement of refugee service providers does not adequately meet the needs of recently resettled refugees. The report identifies ways in which a Refugee Council could address problems identified by those interacting in the refugee arena by creating a direct mode of communication and information exchange between refugees, service providers and municipal governments. The study was conducted through extensive interviews of all eight Refugee Resettlement Agencies operating in Arizona, all six of the Refugee Service Providers within the state, and six of the fifteen registered Mutual Assistance Associations. Additionally, eleven different Refugee Focus groups were attended by sixty-nine refugees from nineteen countries. A strength of the methodology lies in the extensive coverage of the key stakeholders in the refugee arena. A key finding from this research was that representatives from all the organization types interviewed expressed the need for additional levels of networking amongst those operating within the refugee arena. Another important finding is the gap in perception about the services rendered by service providers and the services received by refugees. This gap is borne largely from the current manner in which programs are created and then administered by agencies with little to no input as to ideal practices from other stakeholders. The formation of a Refugee Council, as recommended by this report, could begin to address this gap in perceptions. Based on these findings, the report recommends the formation of a Refugee Council that would address immediate issues of refugee childcare, transportation and training. The creation of a Refugee Council could create the venue for much needed communication as well as allow for collaborative, well-informed decision making for new programs. The report recommends a council formation that could immediately address the need for increased networking amongst all the stakeholders in the field of refugee services.
    • A Cost / Benefit Analysis of Historic Districting in Tucson, Arizona

      Krause, Andy; Becker, Barbara; Esparza, Adrian; Jeffery, R. Brooks (The University of Arizona., 2004)
      The process of historic districting is often credited with stabilizing neighborhoods and thus increasing property values. For over twenty-five years city officials and academics have been conducting studies to determine if such a relationship actually exists. While early studies used a difference-on-difference methodology, recent studies have adopted hedonic modeling as a preferred method of determining the relationship between historic districts and property values. This study uses hedonic modeling together with a cost/benefit analysis to 1) determine if and to what extent historic districting impacts property values in Tucson, Arizona and 2) if the increase in the tax base outweighs the value of tax incentives granted within these districts. This research assesses the fiscal impact of both historic districting and the Arizona State Historic Property Tax Reclassification Program (SPT) in Tucson. This report consists of four sections. The first is a literature review of the brief history of preservation in the United States, a look at the economics of historic districting, and an overview of similar studies by other authors. The methodology of this study is contained in the second section and the hedonic model results and cost/benefit analysis follows in section three. The final section contains two policy recommendations to both the City of Tucson and the State of Arizona preservation officials: 1) Decrease the current SPT tax deduction rate 2) Implement a tax incentive for local districts.
    • Grande Avenue Transportation Design Study: A Corridor Plan

      Kablitz, Antje Silke (The University of Arizona., 2005)
      The Grande Avenue Transportation Design Study is an initial corridor plan for the neighborhoods of Barrio Hollywood and Menlo Park in Tucson, Arizona. This corridor plan is designed to be a guideline for future streetscape development along Grande Avenue. The document includes an inventory of existing conditions within the right-of-way and some future design options for the streetscape. This report also includes detailed information regarding traffic calming measures. Some policy recommendations are provided to help aid the neighborhoods achieve their streetscape goals for Grande Avenue.
    • An Approach to Natural Resources Conservation and Regional Development: Ecotourism in Taiwan

      Chiang, Hsin-Hui; Huntoon, Laura; Becker, Barbara; Bailey, Keiron D. (The University of Arizona., 2005)
    • Developing A Strategic Conservation Plan for Rincon Institute

      DeGrush, Steve Bradley (The University of Arizona., 2008)
    • Conservation Stewardship and Monitoring: A Guide for the Rincon Institute, Tucson, AZ

      Lien, Aaron Matthew; Huntoon, Laura; Pivo, Gary; McCrory, Michael (The University of Arizona., 2008)