Synthesis and Reactivity of New Organoboron Reagents and Development of New Methodologies for the Generation of Novel Drug-Like Scaffolds
AuthorBell, Christan Elizabeth
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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EmbargoRelease after 20-Dec-2013
AbstractThis research focused on the synthesis of novel ogranoboron reagents in efforts to perform a variety of synthetic transformations, and additionally, the development of new methodologies to generate drug-like scaffolds. Initially, three novel tripod ligands were synthesized, and two were effectively chelated to boron to provide the desired organoborates. Such organoborates were employed in nucleophilic additions where they were found to be ineffective, whereas some activity was observed in Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reactions. An additional project on organoboron compounds was conducted and focused on the development of organoboron frustrated Lewis pairs (FLPs) to facilitate the storage and transfer of hydrogen, nucleophilic addition reactions, and Claisen rearrangements. A new method for synthesizing a pyrrolidine diol unit was accomplished, and this intermediate was utilized to synthesize two FLPs. The reactivity of the FLPs with small molecules was assessed, and the pyrrolidine diol unit was subsequently evaluated for its ability to undergo a multicomponent reaction (MCR) to yield compounds possessing beneficial biological activity. Further research in this area was conducted, and a 5-aminoimidazole scaffold was synthesized employing a new MCR which is more efficient than previously reported methodologies. 5-Aminoimidazoles are frequently found in compounds which possess desirable biological activity, and this novel method was employed to generate a library of eleven 5-aminoimidazoles. Additionally, two post condensation modification reactions were developed. During initial studies, a side product was observed which was identified as a dihydrotriazine, which is another biologically appealing chemotype. Therefore, an enhanced method of synthesizing this product was developed, and a library of eleven dihydrotriazines was produced. In summary, novel organoboron reagents were synthesized, and their activity was evaluated. The pyrrolidine diol utilized to synthesize FLPs was applied towards an MCR. Furthermore, a novel MCR was developed for the synthesis of 5-aminoimidazoles, and an enhanced protocol for the synthesis of dihydrotriazines was found.
Degree ProgramGraduate College