Health Assessment of Three Dimensional Large Structural Systems Using Limited Uncertain Dynamic Response Information
AuthorDas, Ajoy Kumar
Unknown input excitation
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
EmbargoRelease after 02-Jul-2013
AbstractA novel system identification (SI)-based structural health assessment (SHA) procedure has been developed integrating several theoretical and implementation aspects. The procedure assesses health of structures using limited noise-contaminated dynamic responses and without using input excitation information. Since most practical structures are three dimensional (3D), the procedure has been developed for general 3D structures, represented by finite elements (FEs). The procedure identifies defects by tracking the changes in the stiffness of the elements in the FE representation. Once a defective element is identified, defect spot can be identified accurately within the defective element. The procedure is denoted as 3D Generalized Iterative Least-Squares Extended Kalman Filter with Unknown Input (3D GILS-EKF-UI) and implemented in two stages. In Stage 1, based on the available responses, substructure(s) are selected and the 3D GILS-UI procedure is used to generate the unknown input excitation, stiffness parameters of the elements in the substructure, and two Rayleigh damping coefficients. Using information from Stage 1, stiffness parameters for the whole structure are identified using EKF with Weighted Global Iteration (EKF-WGI) in Stage 2. The procedure accurately identified defect-free and defective states of various 3D structures using only analytically generated limited responses. To increase the robustness, 3D GILS-EKF-UI has been extended to develop an integrated structural health assessment strategy, denoted as Iterative Least-Squares Extended Kalman Filter with Unknown Input and Advanced Digital Integration Technique (ILS-EKF-UI-ADIT). The procedure has been implemented in three stages. In Stage 1, an advanced digital integration technique (ADIT) is implemented for post-processing of noise-contaminated acceleration time-histories, addressing all major challenges of digital integration. It also overcomes non-convergence issue in Stage 2 that arises due to phase-shift and amplitude errors. In Stage 2, substructure(s) are identified using the least-squares procedure. In Stage 3, stiffness parameters for the whole structure are identified using the EKF-WGI procedure. ILS-EKF-UI-ADIT has been verified in presence of relatively large noise in the acceleration time-histories, measured at small part(s) of defect-free and defective structures, without using excitation information. The SHA procedure is robust and has the potential to be applied for the health assessment, maintenance, retrofitting, and life extension of existing structural systems.
Degree ProgramGraduate College