In 1990, Congress passed legislation establishing the Legacy Resource Management Program to provide financial assistance to the Department of Defense (DoD) efforts to preserve our natural and cultural heritage. The program assists DoD in protecting and enhancing resources while supporting military readiness. A Legacy project may involve regional ecosystem management initiatives, habitat preservation efforts, archaeological investigations, invasive species control, Native American consultations, and/or monitoring and predicting migratory patterns of birds and animals.

Three principles guide the Legacy program: stewardship, leadership, and partnership. Stewardship initiatives assist DoD in safeguarding its irreplaceable resources for future generations. By embracing a leadership role as part of the program, the Department serves as a model for respectful use of natural and cultural resources. Through partnerships, the program strives to access the knowledge and talents of individuals outside of DoD.


This collection contains two reports, which were funded by the Legacy program. The first study, American Indian Access to Department of Defense Facilities, involved both document analysis and direct phone and written contacts between the UofA study team and a number of DoD facilities. The purpose of the study was to better understand and summarize the nature of existing DoD interactions with American Indian tribes during the time of the study - 1993.

The second report, American Indian Sacred Sites and the Department of Defense, was focused on the presence of American Indian sacred sites located both on and off of DoD facilities. The report began as two separate studies one headed by Vine Deloria Jr. (University of Colorado) and one by Richard Stoffle (University of Arizona). During Legacy program meetings that were organized to share information regarding progress on the two studies, Deloria and Stoffle decided to combine their similar efforts into a single report which would have unique chapters reflecting their two studies as well composite summary chapters reflecting both studies.

In addition to the ethnographic reports produced for this collection, the following articles and book chapters were produced:

Deloria, V., and R. W. Stoffle
1998 Native American Sacred Sites and the Department of Defense. Washington D.C.: United States Department of Defense.

Stoffle, R. W., D. Austin, and B. Fulfrost
1993 American Indian Access to Department of Defense Facilities: Source Documents and Bibliography. In Contract report EL.93. Washington D.C.: US Department of Defense. Pp. 264.


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