The pulmonary inflammatory and fibrotic response induced by glass fibers
KeywordsGlass fibers -- Physiological effect.
Silicate fibers -- Physiological effect.
Lungs -- Diseases.
AdvisorHubbard, Andrea K.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractThe present study was initiated to evaluate the pulmonary inflammatory and fibrotic responses induced by single and repeated exposures to glass fibers. Single and repeated intratracheal injections of glass fibers induced an acute inflammatory response which progressed to a chronic inflammatory and fibrotic response. Mice exposed to glass fibers in single or repeated doses demonstrated elevated numbers of eosinophils, neutrophils and macrophages and increases in cell-free protein in lung lavage fluid at five days post-exposure. These parameters, in addition to relative lung/body weight ratios and lung tissue hydroxyproline levels, were elevated in comparison to saline control animals at five weeks post-exposure. Although repeated exposures to glass fibers did not potentiate the cellular inflammatory response, they did induce a marked infiltration of eosinophils, a response not observed with either asbestos or silica exposures. These observations suggest that glass fibers may be more toxic to the lungs than previously thought.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Pharmacology and Toxicology