The effect of twelve weeks of exercise on depression, self-esteem, and locus-of-control in a wellness program sample of women aged 65 and older
AuthorKnittle, Virginia Rau, 1930-
KeywordsExercise -- Psychological aspects.
Health promotion -- Psychological aspects.
Exercise for women -- Psychological aspects.
AdvisorChristopherson, Victor A.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractBecause half of age-related physical losses result from inactivity and disuse, and loss frequently antecedes depression and decreased self-esteem; exercise intervention offers potential physiological and psychological benefits. Self-efficacy and personal control is additionally promoted in a wellness concept program. The effect of twelve weeks of wellness-oriented exercise upon depression, self-esteem, and locus of control orientation is studied in an exercise and non-exercise control group of community residing women 65 and older. Statistically significant post-exercise changes result from reductions in two self-report measures of depression in the exercise group, and increased self-esteem scores in the control group. A non-representative sample may account for high pre-exercise scores in all three dependent variables. A replication with a larger, random, representative sample of older people and domain-specific measures is recommended to improve the study of hypothesized psychological benefits associated with exercise.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Family and Consumer Resources