The use of anti-glutathione peroxidase antibodies in the study of selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase
AdvisorSunde, Roger A.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractLiver glutathione peroxidase activity is affected by changes in selenium (Se) status. To investigate the effect of Se status on GSH-Px protein we prepared antibodies against rat liver GSH-Px and used them in an ELISA. The immunoreactivity of the anti-GSH-Px antibodies against GSH-Px was both tissue and species specific. When rats were depleted of Se, liver GSH-Px activity decreased exponentially to zero with a half-life of 2.8 d. Liver GSH-Px protein also decreased exponentially, but not to zero, with a longer half-life of 5.2 d. Dietary repletion of Se-deficient rats with 0.5 mg Se/kg diet increased GSH-Px protein and activity after 1 d. After 14 d of repletion the levels of GSH-Px protein and activity had plateaued at the levels present in Se-adequate rats. When Se-deficient rats were injected with 15 or 60 ug Se, only rats injected with 60 ug Se and killed 24 h later showed an increase in GSH-Px protein and activity. These results suggest that when Se is limiting, GSH-Px protein and GSH-Px activity are coordinately regulated by the available Se, but in Se-adequacy homeostatic processes control the level of GSH-Px.
Degree ProgramGraduate College