Effect of dietary methionine on selenomethionine metabolism and utilization for selenoproteins
AdvisorSunde, Roger A.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractThe effects of dietary methionine (Met) on the utilization of selenium (Se) from stored tissue Se and dietary selenomethionine (SeMet) for glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) synthesis were studied in male rats. Plasma, liver and muscle Se significantly increased when rats were fed 0.5 mg Se/kg diet as SeMet in a Met-deficient diet for 21 d, whereas tissue GSH-Px activities decreased 43-50% during the SeMet supplementation period, suggesting that Se is deposited as SeMet in general body proteins. By calculation, a significant lower percentage of Se was associated with GSH-Px in Met-deficient as compared to Met-supplemented rats. Dietary Met supplementation increased the incorporation of 75Se from 75SeMet into specific rat selenoproteins in addition to liver GSH-Px. Overall, these results suggest that intact SeMet is preferentially incorporated non-specifically into general body proteins in Met-deficient rats, whereas with supplemental Met, more SeMet is degraded and the released Se used for specific selenoprotein synthesis. (Abstract shortened with permission of author.)
Degree ProgramGraduate College