The effects of maturity differences on competition between adjacent rows of Sorghum bicolor varieties at two levels of soil moisture
AuthorBisso Eya, Joseph, 1955-
AdvisorVoigt, Robert L.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThe objective of the study was to determine if and how grain sorghum hybrids (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) of different maturity dates compete with one another when planted in adjacent rows under different moisture levels. Five sorghum varieties differing in their maturity were used: Taylor Evans Y-101-G coming to mid-bloom in 71 days, RS 610, Asgrow Corral, DK 64 and DK 69 coming to mid-bloom in 56.9 days, 61 days, 69.3 days and 75.6 days respectively. Six agronomic characters were measured to determine the effect and extent of competition. They included the number of days to mid-bloom, tiller ratio, grain yield, grain test weight and 300-seed weight. According to the results, adjacent row competition took place due to differences in maturity date for grain yield and 300-seed weight. An almost equilibrium appeared between loss or gain of border rows compared to the loss or gain of the middle row. Also the length of time between day to mid-bloom of the border rows hybrids and the center row genotype was important in the extent of competition effects.
Degree ProgramGraduate College