AuthorLadin, Loren Guerrero, 1959-
AdvisorKidwell, Margaret G.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThe "DNA Damage Hypothesis" pertaining to the evolution of sex was tested using Hydra littoralis. DNA damage was produced by irradiating whole live hydra with ultraviolet light. A curve of uv light dosage vs. survival was constructed. Estimations of threshold fluence and LD50 were made from the survival curve. In four separate experiments, using various combinations of environmental temperatures, uv doses, and number of doses, frequencies of asexual and sexual reproduction were observed and compared. The hydra that received uv treatments did not show an increase in the consequent amount of sexual reproduction, and actually showed a decrease. An increase in the amount of sexual reproduction following DNA damage is predicted by the DNA damage hypothesis, therefore these results do not support this theory. The data was also used to make contradictory observations regarding the "stress hypothesis" for the occurrence of sexual reproduction in hydra.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Ecology & Evolutionary Biology