Determination of the toxic/mutagenic potential of toxins associated with ciguatera dinoflagellates
AdvisorPark, Douglas L.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractToxic/mutagenic potentials of Gambierdiscus toxicus (GT) and Prorocentrum lima (PL) methanol extracts (CME) were determined using brine shrimp (Artemia salina), mouse, chicken embryo and Salmonella microsomal assays. PL-CME and GT-CME were toxic to shrimp and mice. Isolation and separation were accomplished using ether/water, hexane/methanol partition and butanol extraction. Toxic fractions were purified using column and thin layer chromatography (TLC). GT-CME showed low levels of mutagenic potential. For GT isolated fractions and PL-CME, no mutagenic effects were observed. Both CMEs showed embryotoxicity, with no teratogenic effects. Ether/methanol and water/butanol fractions showed shrimp toxicity. These fractions were purified by treatment with warm/cold acetone. Acetone insoluble precipitates were obtained. Ether soluble acetone filtrate (ESAF) and butanol soluble acetone precipitate (BSAP) showed shrimp and mouse toxicity. GT-BSAP produced temperature depression in mice. Three toxic isolates were obtained from PL-ESAF, four from GT-ESAF and one from both BSAPs columns. TLC preparative plates showed at least 12 toxic isolates for PL-ESAF, 8 for GT-ESAF and 4 for GT-BSAP.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Nutrition and Food Science