Regulation of receptor-mediated phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis in AR42J rat carcinoma cells
AuthorSiwik, Steven Anthony, 1963-
KeywordsPhosphoinositides -- Physiological effect.
Cellular control mechanisms.
Pancreatic acinar cells.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractReceptor-activated phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) hydrolysis was examined in AR42J rat pancreatic acini. Cholecystokinin-octapeptide (CCK₈) and bombesin induced a dose-dependent accumulation of [³H] inositol monophosphate ([³H]InsP₁). Manganese (Mn²⁺), a known calcium channel blocker, did not alter basal PtdIns hydrolysis. In contrast, when added 5 minutes prior to the addition of agonists for 60 minutes, Mn²⁺ markedly inhibited secretagogue-mediated [³H]InsP1 formation. Mn²⁺ also attenuated the CCK₈-mediated increase in biologically active inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate and inositol 1,3,4,5-tetrakisphosphate. These inhibitory effects of Mn²⁺ were mimicked by lanthanum and by EGTA. Addition of calcium to EGTA-treated cells abolished the inhibitory effects of extracellular calcium depletion. Mn²⁺, La³⁺ and EGTA exerted similar inhibitory effects on PtdIns hydrolysis in pancreatic acini. These findings suggest that receptor-activated calcium influx is required for full activation of the CCK₈-mediated signal transduction pathway that is coupled to PtdIns hydrolysis.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Microbiology and Immunology