Iron patterns of competitive female cyclists living in Tucson, Arizona
AuthorMunoz, Kathryn Anne, 1963-
AdvisorSheehan, Edward T.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractIron status and dietary iron intake were examined in thirteen non-anemic menstruating competitive female cyclists training greater than 150 miles/week. Serum ferritin was 37.6 ± 49.1 ng/ml (mean ± SD), iron stores were 241 ± 92 and serum iron was 124.0 ± 64. Four subjects (30.8%) presented with iron deficiency, 30.7% had iron stores less than zero mg and 23.1% had iron stores less than -100 mg. Mean energy intake was 1625 ± 376 Kcal. Mean total iron intake (food + multivitamins) was 18.8 ± 6.9 mg/day, and absorbable iron intake was 1.5 ± 1.2 mg/day. Seven athletes (47%) consumed less than the RDA (18 mg/day) while 73% (11) consumed less than 1.8 mg/day of absorbable iron. The results suggest that insufficient iron intake, either total or absorbable, contributes to a high prevalence of iron deficiency among female cyclists.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Nutrition and Food Science