Finite element analysis of continuous prestressed composite girders
AuthorTong, Wenxia, 1958-
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractPrestressing a steel girder reduces the required structural steel weight, limits tension stresses in the section, increases the ultimate strength, and increases the fatigue resistance. The technique of prestressing with tendons can be used for strengthening of existing bridges as well as for construction of new bridges. This thesis presents an analytical study of the behavior of simply-supported and continuous prestressed composite girders and describes the benefits of prestressing steel in composite construction. Analytical models are developed and used as a basis for a computer program that calculates the stresses and displacements in the cables and the girder at discrete number of nodes along the length of the girder. The effects of design variables such as prestress force, tendon profile, eccentricity and tendon length are studied. The results indicate that prestressing is an effective means of increasing the load carrying capacity of simple-span as well as continuous composite girders.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics