Chemical synthesis and densification of cesium aluminosilicate powders
AuthorHogan, Mari, 1965-
KeywordsEngineering, Materials Science.
AdvisorRisbud, Subhash H.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractPollucite (CsAlSi₂O₆) is a refractory phase within the Cs₂O-Al₂O₃-SiO₂. It melts at >1900°C and also has a reported thermal expansion value of 15 x 10⁻⁷/°C. These qualities make it suitable for study as a high temperature structural ceramic. Amorphous powders were synthesized by a novel sol-gel process in the Cs₂O-Al₂O₃-SiO₂ system. Gels were produced from tetraethoxysilane (TEOS), Aluminum chelate, and Cs-acetate. Powders were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD), chemical, differential thermal analysis (DTA) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The glass transition and crystallization temperatures were determined to be 945°C and 1026°C, respectively, for the amorphous powders. Pollucite and mullite phases were observed by XRD of bulk glass-ceramics. A density of 3.02 gm/cm³ was observed for the hot pressed material. Dielectric constants in the frequency range 1kHz-1MHz were found to be in the range of 5.23 to 5.78 for the as hot pressed and heat treated samples. Thermal expansion coefficients were also determined.