AuthorEllis, Susan Carolyn, 1963-
AdvisorReyna, Valerie F.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThis study investigated the presence of the framing bias in children's probabilistic decision-making. Under investigation was whether children would frame when presented with problems analogous to those known to elicit framing in adults. Prospect theory (Tversky & Kahneman, 1979) was pitted against fuzzy-trace theory (Brainerd & Reyna, 1990) to determine which provided a better explanation of children's decision-making. Preschoolers, second-, and fifth-graders were asked to make choices in a probabilistic situation across various levels of probability and expected values of outcome. It was expected that the amount of framing would increase with age.