Distribution, abundance, and habitat characteristics of the buff-breasted flycatcher in Arizona
AuthorMartin, John Arnold, 1959-
AdvisorMorrison, Michael L.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractGeographic range and numbers of buff-breasted flycatchers (Empidonax fulvifrons) have decreased in Arizona. I conducted surveys to locate additional populations. Results suggested that some small populations have disappeared since 1980, but that other small populations have increased. I estimated reproductive success using an index based on adults' behavior. I measured vegetation in used areas, nest sites, and available areas. I used logistic regression to compare used to available areas and nest sites to used areas. Used vs. available comparisons indicated that buff-breasted flycatchers used areas dominated by pines, with a sparse oak understory. I found significant associations between buff-breasted flycatcher presence and vegetation type, structural stage, canopy cover, and forest patch width. I developed a habitat model to help manage this rare species. I recommend continued monitoring of buff-breasted flycatcher populations and creation of open pine forest with an open understory of oak. Fire may facilitate development of potential habitat.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Renewable Natural Resources and Wildlife and Fisheries Science