Browsing Scholarly Projects 2013 by Subjects
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Assessing the University of Arizona Medical School Admission Committee Members’ Knowledge of Predictors of Rural Practice for Medical School ApplicantsObjective: There is a disparity in physician to population ratios between rural and urban Arizona. The University of Arizona Medical School has a unique opportunity to increase the supply of physicians serving in rural Arizona through its admissions process. This study is a quality improvement project which examined whether or not the admission committee members at both the Tucson and Phoenix campuses are considering probability of future rural practice when making admission decisions and if they know the evidence based predictors for rural practice. Methods: The admission committee members from the University of Arizona Medical School were asked to fill out a questionnaire regarding their preferences for future rural practitioners and if they knew the two most accurate predictors for rural practice. Results: There were 22 respondents to the survey- 12 out of 13 from Phoenix and 10 out of 14 from Tucson. Fifty-nine percent (n=13) of the total respondents listed likelihood to practice in a rural community as positively affecting their admission decision, 27 percent (n=6) said it does not affect their decision at all, and 13 percent (n=3) said it affects their decision very positively. All 22 respondents correctly identified rural background as one of the two strongest predictors of rural practice while 11 correctly identified stated interest in family practice as the other. Conclusion: The University of Arizona Medical School admissions committees are well positioned to increase the supply of rural physicians in Arizona. Even still, some of the members of the committee could benefit from education regarding accurate predictors of rural practice.
Patient Attitudes Regarding Medical Student Involvement in a Primary Care SettingPrevious studies on patient comfort with medical student involvement have consistently reported positive or neutral results within multiple specialties. The objective of this study was to examine patient attitudes toward medical students in a private family practice setting. This study also looked to examine whether recent medical student interaction alters patient attitude and if patient attitude can be improved with the prospect of providing feedback. It was hypothesized that there would be a positive pre-to-post test change in patient attitudes and that patients would respond positively to the prospect of providing feedback. Ninety-nine consecutive consenting adult patients completed a self-administered questionnaire before and after their office visit, which included a medical student interaction. Patient demographics (age, gender, race, prior student exposure, # years with doctor) as well as their attitudes toward the involvement of medical students were recorded. Data were collected for 10 months at Renaissance Medical Group, a private family practice with one physician provider. Data were compiled in Excel and analyzed with STATA12. Paired two-tailed T-tests and ANOVA were used to determine statistical significance. The results demonstrated that, prior to medical student interaction on 8 of 9 measures, patients have positive attitudes toward medical students. After medical student interaction, on 7 of 9 measures, respondents changed their response to a more positive position (P<=0.05). In addition, patients demonstrated a willingness to provide feedback to the medical student, but providing this feedback would not significantly alter their patient care experience. There were also statistically significant demographic differences on specific measures. This study provides evidence that patients respond positively to medical student interaction in the private Family Medicine setting. This study also demonstrates areas in which the patient care experience can be improved and provides the basis for further study on the patient - medical student interaction.