Steps towards the implementation of ERT for monitoring of transient hydrological processes
AdvisorFerre, Paul (Ty) A.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractThe adaptation of the electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) for monitoring of subsurface hydrological processes is the focus of this research. Specifically, the increase in the method's accuracy, expressed by its spatial and temporal resolution, is sought. A spatial sensitivity analysis of the ERT method is presented. This sensitivity analysis is conducted by a perturbation approach, and is making extensive use of the analytic element method (AEM) to compute potentials in the subsurface. Presented are sensitivity maps for individual typical and atypical arrays. Also presented are sensitivity maps for surveys comprised of a single array type and for mixed surveys, and guidelines for array selection for the detection of a localized target. Results indicate superiority of wide arrays over small arrays, and the relatively poor performance of the double dipole array type. Several optimality criteria are discussed for the selection of an optimal survey, including optimality of individual arrays to individual subsurface targets (locally optimal), and global optimality, achieved through the use of genetic algorithms. In both cases results show superiority of mixed surveys. The method presented here, for optimal ERT configuration, opens the way for implementation of the method for a wide variety of hydrological applications. In addition to the main focus of this dissertation, a complementary work was completed to extend the AEM to compute transient processes. This unique solution uses the Laplace transform to bring the flow equation to a linear, time independent form. The resultant modified Helmholtz equation is then solved using the AEM, and the result is numerically transformed to the time domain.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Hydrology and Water Resources