• Ecological and consumer group variation in expedient chipped stone technology of the Pueblo period: An exploratory study in the Silver Creek drainage, Arizona

      Mills, Barbara J.; Kaldahl, Eric James, 1971- (The University of Arizona., 1995)
      Lithic raw material variety and abundance reveals the technological utility of different source materials from 20 chipped stone surface collections in the Silver Creek area of east-central Arizona, from sites dating between the 9th and 14th centuries. A rich raw material environment obviates distance-from-source constraints, freeing debitage analysis from traditional spatial interpretations regarding the intensity of reduction. Rather the intensity of reduction and the frequency of distinct material types in each assemblage reflects the impact of social organization, community size, exchange and subsistence variation on the organization of chipped stone technology.
    • Educational travel for societal change: An exploration of popular education along the Mexico-United States border

      Austin, Diane E.; Perin, Jodi R. (The University of Arizona., 2003)
      During the past few decades, anthropologists have become increasingly interested in how different cultural frameworks come together. One opportunity to view such interactions is presented by travel seminars based on a transformative education model, which aim to educate middle-class people about conditions in economically depressed areas through travel. The task of this thesis is to examine the experiences of U.S. participant groups in one transformative education program, paying particular attention to interpersonal contact, both within groups and between them and local people, and to how participants experience the location of poverty. I argue that multiple factors play a role in terms of whether, how, and why trip participants appear to form new meanings based on their experiences. These factors include the individual's ability to empathize with the 'Other' (i.e. local people) met on the trip and previous experience in and knowledge of economically depressed areas, especially the Third World.

      Park, Thomas K.; Dampilon, Zhargal; Weiner, Douglas; Vet, Therese De (The University of Arizona., 2011)
      This thesis presents the analysis of environmental movements in Russia.Through a collective memory and discourse framework, this study reviews the overlap and disparity in perceptions of environmental movements in the Soviet Union and Russia.The portrait that emerges from the analysis of the environmental movements suggests that the impact of environmental movements in Russia may be limited in part because it has developed in contravention to existing discourses. More importantly, the context and underlying assumptions of environmental movements are not formulated in ways that are compatible with existing collective identities in Russian society.
    • Ethnohistoric evidence for the economic role of cotton in the protohistoric Southwest

      Mills, Barbara J.; Brenneman, Dale Susan, 1956-; Mills, Barbara J.; Reid, Jeff; Sheridan, Tom (The University of Arizona., 1995)
      This study examines the Spanish ethnohistoric evidence for the economic role of cotton in the Southwest at the time of contact, doing so within an integrated framework for economic behavior. Critical evaluation of the text and the organization of individual references to cotton by production, distribution, and consumption reveal the limited nature of this line of evidence; however, systematic comparison of the information it does yield shows that the Spanish documentary record does not support archaeological inferences of complex economic behavior with regard to cotton. Rather, the text suggests patterns that are more characteristic of a trading partner system. A comparison of this evidence with the archaeological record would shed additional light on this question.
    • The Evolutionary Effects of Human Predation on Lagomorph Populations at Chevelon Pueblo

      Reyes, Stephanie Michelle; Pavao-Zukerman, Barnet; Raichlen, David (The University of Arizona., 2011-05)
    • Excavation of Catclaw Cave, lower Colorado River

      Wright, Barton Allen. (The University of Arizona., 1954)

      Evans, Caitlin Irene (The University of Arizona., 2009-05)
    • Expanding Militarization of the U.S. Southern Border Through Immigration Reform

      Green, Linda; Lowden, Sara Sophia (The University of Arizona., 2013)
    • Female College Students' Experiences with the Freshman 15

      Nichter, Mimi; Penney, Lauren; Nichter, Mimi (The University of Arizona., 2006)
      Discourses surrounding the idea of the Freshman 15 are prevalent within the press and popular media. While college weight gain and eating and exercise practices have been attended to through the collection of survey data, to date no one has linked these trends to wider social and economic processes or contextualized them within the lives of college students. This thesis provides a description of the ways in which 22 college women came to anticipate and experience weight gain during their freshman year of college, as well as the practices they adopted that contributed to weight changes. I analyze this interview data through a discussion of the concept of risk, personal responsibility, and ideas about the female body, while pointing to broader political economic pressures that are changing the ways in which universities provide dining and recreation services to students.
    • The forbidden flesh: Cultural meanings of humans, animals, and the natural world

      Loftsdóttir, Kristín, 1968- (The University of Arizona., 1994)
      Humans have tried to separate themselves from nature and to gain an understanding of what it means to be human, through studies of nature. Ideas of human nature have political and ideological implications, and are thus important in providing information about what it means to be human and what the relation to animals and the environment "ought" to be like. The ideology of human nature makes the world hence meaningful and points out what kind of actions regarding environmental issues are appropriate. The understanding of human nature and the human relationship with nature is culturally and historically produced. Humans' cultural conception thus also influences what kind of relationships are seen as desirable with particular animals. Different animals are seen as having different relations to humans, relations in which all animals are not seen as being equal. Some animals are defined edible, others are defined as companions.
    • Four hectares and a hoe: Maragoli smallholders and land tenure law in Kenya

      Nugent, Daniel; Fulfrost, Brian (The University of Arizona., 1994)
      The paper outlines the historical development of Kenyan land tenure reform in relation to a group of smallholders in Maragoli. The transformation of common property into private property has not completely destroyed the authority of local institutions in matters of land tenure and land use. Customary social obligations have continued to play a role in the decision-making process of smallholders in Maragoli. The government in Kenya continues to be uninformed by the socioeconomic realities that affect smallholders. Agrarian law and administration should be built on the kinds of agricultural systems that are being practiced by the majority of the population in Kenya.
    • From calipers to computers: Three-dimensional imaging in forensic anthropology

      Birkby, Walter H.; Ackermann, Rebecca Rogers, 1969- (The University of Arizona., 1994)
      Forensic anthropology is an applied science sorely lacking in theoretical underpinnings, despite the fact that forensic anthropologists have unique, albeit usually fleeting, access to modern skeletal remains. By constructing a database of three-dimensional images, such remains can be accessed indefinitely. I have proposed a method for just such imaging, using Macintosh hardware and NIH Image software to digitally preserve remains using red-blue three-dimensional imaging techniques. Additionally, I address the qualitative and quantitative accuracy of these images. By creating this type of forensic database, anthropologists can then reformulate outdated methodologies that address issues like populational variance, thereby using modern forensic skeletal remains to better understand some of the fundamental theoretical issues within anthropology.
    • Gender in the Indus Valley Civilization

      Fioccoprile, Emily Ann (The University of Arizona., 2010-05)

      MERNAGH, SUZSANNE (The University of Arizona., 2008-05)
    • Going Against the Flow: Middle Class Families and Neoliberalism in Nogales, Sonora

      Stone, Joanna; Green, Linda; Austin, Diane; Woronov, Terry (The University of Arizona., 2006)
      Following decades of protectionism, in 1982 Mexico reacted to its foreign debt crisis by implementing extreme structural adjustment policies and it has continued a pattern of neoliberalism, increasingly opening its economy to international markets. The cumulative impacts of these policies have negatively affected the majority of the Mexican population, and researchers have documented the detrimental effects of neoliberal polices on working and middle classes in other contexts. Based on ethnographic research in Nogales, Sonora, this paper will describe a particular group of Mexicans who have nevertheless risen to middle class status throughout this time period. It will situate them within an industrializing border economy and will investigate some of the factors, both internal and external, that have contributed to their success in this endeavor. Finally, it will raise questions for future research, such as: Is this middle-class sustainable?
    • Good old boys in crisis: Truck drivers and shifting occupational identity in the Louisiana oilpatch

      Finan, Timothy J.; Gardner, Andrew Michael (The University of Arizona., 2000)
      While federal deregulation of the trucking industry had little impact upon the truck drivers serving the Acadian oilpatch, recent legislation deregulating intrastate transportation yielded vast changes in the structure of the occupation. In the past, success as a trucker in the oilpatch depended upon an individual's entrepreneurial drive, as well as the social and familial networks upon which that individual could rely. Intrastate deregulation allowed several truck companies to dominate the industry; these companies grew via a complex series of alliances between transportation companies, service companies, and large oil concerns. These alliances disrupted the process by which individuals transformed social capital into economic capital. The foremost impact of these changes is a rapid drop in trucker's income---many now exist on the brink of insolvency. At the same time, the period of crisis has opened the sector to previously inconceivable options, including forays toward unionization, as well as the entry of women, blacks, and outsiders into the labor pool.
    • Great kivas as integrative architecture in the Silver Creek community, Arizona

      Mills, Barbara J.; Herr, Sarah Alice, 1970- (The University of Arizona., 1994)
      This thesis explores the relationship between circular great kiva sites in the Silver Creek area and counterparts in regions across the Southwest. Great kivas, as communal architecture, are important in community integration. Exploring their distribution through the variables of time, space and form helps us understand change in community integration. The patterns in the temporal and spatial distribution of the Silver Creek great kivas correspond to the patterning of these variables in the Upper Little Colorado region. The majority of Silver Creek great kivas appear in a period of westward population movement after A.D. 1000. The Silver Creek great kivas, do not, however, show the same range of formal variation. Since many of the changes in the Upper Little Colorado area are described as resolving problems of increasing population and aggregation, lower population densities in the Silver Creek area may explain the reduced formal variability of its great kivas.
    • The Green Movement: A Sustainable Trend in America

      Ihms, Courtney Katherine (The University of Arizona., 2011-05)