• Female College Students' Experiences with the Freshman 15

      Nichter, Mimi; Penney, Lauren; Nichter, Mimi (The University of Arizona., 2006)
      Discourses surrounding the idea of the Freshman 15 are prevalent within the press and popular media. While college weight gain and eating and exercise practices have been attended to through the collection of survey data, to date no one has linked these trends to wider social and economic processes or contextualized them within the lives of college students. This thesis provides a description of the ways in which 22 college women came to anticipate and experience weight gain during their freshman year of college, as well as the practices they adopted that contributed to weight changes. I analyze this interview data through a discussion of the concept of risk, personal responsibility, and ideas about the female body, while pointing to broader political economic pressures that are changing the ways in which universities provide dining and recreation services to students.
    • The forbidden flesh: Cultural meanings of humans, animals, and the natural world

      Loftsdóttir, Kristín, 1968- (The University of Arizona., 1994)
      Humans have tried to separate themselves from nature and to gain an understanding of what it means to be human, through studies of nature. Ideas of human nature have political and ideological implications, and are thus important in providing information about what it means to be human and what the relation to animals and the environment "ought" to be like. The ideology of human nature makes the world hence meaningful and points out what kind of actions regarding environmental issues are appropriate. The understanding of human nature and the human relationship with nature is culturally and historically produced. Humans' cultural conception thus also influences what kind of relationships are seen as desirable with particular animals. Different animals are seen as having different relations to humans, relations in which all animals are not seen as being equal. Some animals are defined edible, others are defined as companions.
    • Four hectares and a hoe: Maragoli smallholders and land tenure law in Kenya

      Nugent, Daniel; Fulfrost, Brian (The University of Arizona., 1994)
      The paper outlines the historical development of Kenyan land tenure reform in relation to a group of smallholders in Maragoli. The transformation of common property into private property has not completely destroyed the authority of local institutions in matters of land tenure and land use. Customary social obligations have continued to play a role in the decision-making process of smallholders in Maragoli. The government in Kenya continues to be uninformed by the socioeconomic realities that affect smallholders. Agrarian law and administration should be built on the kinds of agricultural systems that are being practiced by the majority of the population in Kenya.
    • From calipers to computers: Three-dimensional imaging in forensic anthropology

      Birkby, Walter H.; Ackermann, Rebecca Rogers, 1969- (The University of Arizona., 1994)
      Forensic anthropology is an applied science sorely lacking in theoretical underpinnings, despite the fact that forensic anthropologists have unique, albeit usually fleeting, access to modern skeletal remains. By constructing a database of three-dimensional images, such remains can be accessed indefinitely. I have proposed a method for just such imaging, using Macintosh hardware and NIH Image software to digitally preserve remains using red-blue three-dimensional imaging techniques. Additionally, I address the qualitative and quantitative accuracy of these images. By creating this type of forensic database, anthropologists can then reformulate outdated methodologies that address issues like populational variance, thereby using modern forensic skeletal remains to better understand some of the fundamental theoretical issues within anthropology.
    • Gender in the Indus Valley Civilization

      Fioccoprile, Emily Ann (The University of Arizona., 2010-05)

      MERNAGH, SUZSANNE (The University of Arizona., 2008-05)
    • Going Against the Flow: Middle Class Families and Neoliberalism in Nogales, Sonora

      Stone, Joanna; Green, Linda; Austin, Diane; Woronov, Terry (The University of Arizona., 2006)
      Following decades of protectionism, in 1982 Mexico reacted to its foreign debt crisis by implementing extreme structural adjustment policies and it has continued a pattern of neoliberalism, increasingly opening its economy to international markets. The cumulative impacts of these policies have negatively affected the majority of the Mexican population, and researchers have documented the detrimental effects of neoliberal polices on working and middle classes in other contexts. Based on ethnographic research in Nogales, Sonora, this paper will describe a particular group of Mexicans who have nevertheless risen to middle class status throughout this time period. It will situate them within an industrializing border economy and will investigate some of the factors, both internal and external, that have contributed to their success in this endeavor. Finally, it will raise questions for future research, such as: Is this middle-class sustainable?
    • Good old boys in crisis: Truck drivers and shifting occupational identity in the Louisiana oilpatch

      Finan, Timothy J.; Gardner, Andrew Michael (The University of Arizona., 2000)
      While federal deregulation of the trucking industry had little impact upon the truck drivers serving the Acadian oilpatch, recent legislation deregulating intrastate transportation yielded vast changes in the structure of the occupation. In the past, success as a trucker in the oilpatch depended upon an individual's entrepreneurial drive, as well as the social and familial networks upon which that individual could rely. Intrastate deregulation allowed several truck companies to dominate the industry; these companies grew via a complex series of alliances between transportation companies, service companies, and large oil concerns. These alliances disrupted the process by which individuals transformed social capital into economic capital. The foremost impact of these changes is a rapid drop in trucker's income---many now exist on the brink of insolvency. At the same time, the period of crisis has opened the sector to previously inconceivable options, including forays toward unionization, as well as the entry of women, blacks, and outsiders into the labor pool.
    • Great kivas as integrative architecture in the Silver Creek community, Arizona

      Mills, Barbara J.; Herr, Sarah Alice, 1970- (The University of Arizona., 1994)
      This thesis explores the relationship between circular great kiva sites in the Silver Creek area and counterparts in regions across the Southwest. Great kivas, as communal architecture, are important in community integration. Exploring their distribution through the variables of time, space and form helps us understand change in community integration. The patterns in the temporal and spatial distribution of the Silver Creek great kivas correspond to the patterning of these variables in the Upper Little Colorado region. The majority of Silver Creek great kivas appear in a period of westward population movement after A.D. 1000. The Silver Creek great kivas, do not, however, show the same range of formal variation. Since many of the changes in the Upper Little Colorado area are described as resolving problems of increasing population and aggregation, lower population densities in the Silver Creek area may explain the reduced formal variability of its great kivas.
    • The Green Movement: A Sustainable Trend in America

      Ihms, Courtney Katherine (The University of Arizona., 2011-05)
    • Ground stone technology in the Silver Creek area, east-central Arizona

      Mills, Barbara J.; Valado, Martha Trenna (The University of Arizona., 1999)
      This analysis of nearly 1500 ground stone tools collected during five years of excavation in the Silver Creek area of East-Central Arizona is aimed at addressing four research goals: (1) raw material selection; (2) occupational histories; (3) the organization of labor and intensity of production; and (4) migration. Four excavated sites span the time period from A.D. 1050 to 1330. These research domains are investigated by examining technological change and variation in use-wear in the ground stone assemblage. Evidence suggests that although raw material selection was generally consistent throughout this period, there were significant changes in the use of ground stone tools. These changes are especially pronounced in grinding equipment and pottery polishing stones, possibly representing changes in the organization of subsistence and craft production. A comparative approach to assessing the possibility of Kayenta Anasazi migration to the area is also presented.

      Tankersley, Sara J (The University of Arizona., 2009-05)
    • Human Response to Environmental Hazards: Sunset Crater as a Case Study

      Dean, Jeffrey S.; May, Elizabeth Marie (The University of Arizona., 2008)
      Natural disasters and rapid environmental changes have resulted in a continuum of responses by human societies throughout history. A model is proposed that incorporates cultural and environmental aspects of human response to natural disasters. The 11th century eruption of Sunset Crater volcano in northern Arizona is used as a case study in which the archaeological record and dendrochronological and geomorphological evidence are combined to characterize the nature of the human response. The model predicts that the population at Sunset Crater would have been pressured to move, or to move and make cultural or technological adaptations following the eruption. The model has utility in diverse conditions and can be used to interpret archaeological remains and facilitate modern disaster response.
    • Illness Experience of People with Chronic Pain Resulting from Temporomandibular Disorders

      Nichter, Mimi; Edwards, Emery Rose; Nichter, Mimi (The University of Arizona., 2007)
      This thesis discusses the illness experience of people living with chronic pain resulting from Temporomandibular disorders (TMD). The literature discusses various aspects of the experience of chronic pain, but there is little research reported specifically on the experience of living with TMD. Using analysis of sufferers' narratives, I discuss common explanatory models and coping strategies. I then present aspects of the bodily experience of TMD as seen in people with comorbid illnesses. The personal or mental aspects of TMD are explored, particularly in terms of fear, anxiety, and hope for the future. Lastly, the broader impacts of TMD are explored through sufferers' relationships with friends and family, and sufferers' ability to function in social contexts. It is concluded that TMD impacts many areas of sufferers' lives, and that the lived experience extends beyond diagnosis and treatment seeking to include the day to day management of TMD pain.
    • Indigenous Cooperatives, Corporations, and the State on Brazil's Extractive Frontier: Contemporary and Historical Globalizations

      Burke, Brian J; Vasquez-Leon, Marcela (The University of Arizona., 2006)
      The AmazonCoop--a cooperative that mediates trade between Brazilian Amazonian indigenous groups and the transnational cosmetics firm The Body Shop--seeks to use the market opportunities provided by neoliberal economic globalization to achieve sustainable development in indigenous villages, with mixed results. While the cooperative provides significant material benefits, it fails to achieve the social goals of democracy, participation, and self-development embodied in the cooperative principles. In this paper, I examine AmazonCoop in the context of historical globalizations on Brazil's "extractive frontier," demonstrating substantial continuity between contemporary and historical political economies. I use this historical anthropological analysis to discuss the potential contributions of cooperatives to development, the relationships between historical and contemporary globalizations, and the political-economic landscapes on which indigenous people can pursue their interests.
    • An Integrative Approach to Interpretations of an Historical-Period Apache Scout Camp at Fort Apache, Arizona

      Mills, Barbara J.; Laluk, Nicholas; Mills, Barbara J. (The University of Arizona., 2006)
      With the encroachment of the United States military onto Apache lands many Apache men joined the military due to intolerable reservation conditions and the unique economic opportunity of enlisting as scouts for the military. This thesis attempts to better understand the relationships among military personnel, Apache scouts, and nonmilitary Apache people. By examining the material remains of a scout camp located on the Fort Apache Indian Reservation (FAIR), and integrating these findings with oral history and information collected from White Mountain Apache consultants, a better understanding of historical Western Apache life can be delineated. This thesis examines these lifeways and interactions by applying a theoretical framework adopted from Steven Silliman's practical politics, Richard White's concept of the middle ground, and Western Apache landscape knowledge and stories.
    • Intimacy Today

      Leehey, Kelly (The University of Arizona., 2011-05)