ELECTRICAL ENERGY PLANNING FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN WEST AFRICA
AuthorGlakpe, Emmanuel Kobla
KeywordsElectric power consumption -- Forecasting -- Africa, West.
Electric power consumption -- Forecasting -- Africa, French-speaking West.
Energy policy -- Africa, West.
Power resources -- Africa, West.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractIn terms of economic development, internal availability of energy in a region means the capability to produce essential goods and services for the improvement in the quality of life of all the economic agents. Economic development consists in large part of harnessing increasing amounts of energy for productive purposes or by making more efficient use of available energy resources. In this dissertation, the future electricity supply and demand interactions are examined for seven countries in West Africa: Benin, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Niger, Nigeria, Togo, and Upper Volta. A description of the primary energy resources (coal, hydro, natural gas, and oil) available in each country is presented. The future demands for electricity in the medium term (1980-1989) are projected through econometric models developed in the study. Two sectorial models for each country's economy, the residential sector, and the commercial and industrial sector, are presented. Multiple regression analysis is applied in the estimation of all demand equations. Major determinants for electricity demand used in the estimation for the residential sector were average price of electricity, real personal income, and the number of households with access to electricity. Data on these variables were obtained from international organisations such as the United Nations and from government publications for the period 1960-1977. Each of these determinants was found to be significant for most countries; however, their relative importance differ across countries. Similarly, average price of electricity, real output, and employment were major determinants used and found to be significant in the demand for electricity in the commercial and industrial sector of all countries. Price and income elasticities were obtained from the estimated equations. A general multi-region supply model was developed to structure the future electricity supply possibilities in the countries involved. The objective of this model, using linear programming, was to seek the least-cost combination of resources (primary energy, capital, and technology) for the production of electricity. The impacts of various levels of resource availability on average cost of electricity were examined for each country, and for joint development efforts using a non-integer, deterministic, linear version of the general model. The application of the supply and demand models to West Africa over the decade to 1989 reveals that except for Nigeria, all countries in the region will require fossil fueled systems to supply additional demands for electricity, because all hydro resources would have to be exploited by the mid-1980s. This will lead to higher costs in producing electricity. However, Nigeria is expected to have excess electrical energy if plans initiated in its third development plan are completed. The extension of transmission lines between Nigeria and Benin could effectively distribute the relatively cheaper energy from Nigeria to other countries, since adequate transmission network already exists between most of the countries.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Degree GrantorUniversity of Arizona
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The Geology and gold mineralization of the Belhoura Region, Northern Burkina Faso, West Africa, and their implications for the Birimian of West AfricaSchaeneman, Lewis George (The University of Arizona., 1994)
The Effects of Politics on HIV/AIDS Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Comparative Study of South Africa and UgandaRubin, Adam Nathan (The University of Arizona., 2010-05)This paper evaluates the effects of politics on HIV/AIDS policy in sub-Saharan Africa, specifically comparing South Africa and Uganda. It investigates factors of history and identity in shaping AIDS policy in these countries, while also addressing the role of knowledge and the counter-epistemic community. By understanding the role of leadership in agenda-setting and subsequent state responses to the AIDS epidemic, this argument helps to explain why Uganda has been held up as a model of success in the fight against HIV/AIDS and why South Africa has failed to implement effective policy. This paper concludes with an assessment of how HIV/AIDS is currently being addressed in South Africa and Uganda, and what implications this may hold for the future of the AIDS epidemic.
Family law, marital disputing and domestic violence in post-colonial Senegal, West AfricaLondon, Scott Barry, 1962- (The University of Arizona., 1999)This dissertation examines disputing and dispute resolution primarily among married couples in the small city of Saint-Louis, in the northwest comer of Senegal, West Africa. The goal of this project is two-fold: first, to locate "couples disputing" in the context of the culture and systems of power in urban Senegal; second, to analyze how this context is reproduced and contested through disputing and participation in legal (state) and informal (non-state) dispute resolution processes. At another level, this project focuses on determining how and to what degree the law enables and empowers women to resist domestic violence, and, alternatively, allows it to persist. The place of domestic violence is examined through the lens of local culture and ideology, as well as legal and conflict-oriented behavior. Central to this project is the observation of a dynamic interaction between the daily lived reality of couples and intermediate and higher-level institutional frameworks. In other words, love, cooperation, arguing, disdain, beating, rape, separation, divorce, and reconciliation occur inseparably from the authority structures of family and community, selective coercion and empowerment by state and civil bodies, and the distant impositions of international entities. An ethnographic portrait of marital disputing and domestic violence is created using court observations and recorded speech, structured and unstructured interviews, documentary research on court records, and extended participant observation in the community.