AN IMPROVED METHOD FOR WIND-TUNNEL WALL CORRECTIONS DEDUCED BY ITERATING FROM MEASURED WALL STATIC PRESSURE
AuthorMoses, Dale Francis
AdvisorSears, William R.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThe purpose of this research was to demonstrate the viability of a method, due to Professor W. R. Sears, for obtaining wind-tunnel wall-corrections from measurements of near-field flow parameters by an interative procedure. A case is made for the improved accuracy of this method over the standard method of images. The wall-correction method was applied to an actual wind-tunnel test of a slightly oversized wing model at low subsonic speeds (Mach number ≈ 0.1). The wind tunnel facility and experimental setup and method are described and discussed. The wall-correction method consists of iterating between the region of space exterior to the test section boundary and the one interior to it. The flow fields in both regions are defined in terms of plane singularity elements each with an unknown, constant strength distribution. The method for expressing these flow fields as a linear system and for obtaining the associated matrices is described. The boundary conditions for the inner flow are slightly different from those of the outer flow because of the presence of the wing. There are actually two different but consistent sets of boundary conditions at the wing which lead to two different but compatible calculations for the wall-correction. The near-field flow parameter measured during the wind-tunnel test is the wing perturbation velocity potential, obtained from the quantity p ͚ - pᵢ. Here, i represents any of the 46 static taps distributed over the test section walls. It was decided to use 140 singularity elements for the outer flow description; therefore, a method was devised for fitting a least-squares surface to the measured p̂ᵢ's and integrating to obtain 140φᵢ's. The procedure for the iterations is described and the criterion for convergence to unconfined flow is presented. Test cases consisting of known, simple flows are used along the way to verify the computational methods. Finally, the wall correction to the lift curve of the wing model is presented as well as the correction at a typical tail position and the correction to the induced drag of the wing.
Degree ProgramGraduate College
Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering